, Volume 52, Issue 5–6, pp 314–318 | Cite as

Self-organizing phenomena in bainite steels

  • V. P. Kopaleishvili
  • I. G. Kashakashvili
  • L. B. Kereselidze
  • O. G. Ioseliani


Based on an analysis of existing data and our own research results, we made the following scientific hypothesis: a decrease in the lattice parameter for iron due to the effect of two factors — negative temperatures and silicon content — for ttest < tSi and [Si] > 2.2% causes embrittlement of the iron (KCU = 0 J/cm2) due to dominance of covalent forces. By causing the regular occurrence of new covalent binding forces between iron atoms, silicon contents in excess of the [Si] > 0.50% threshold in iron and Fe-C bainite alloys give rise to subsequent self-organizing phenomena, the development of new bifurcations (abrupt increases in hydrogen solubility and in the amount of austenite in the alloy; formation of two supersaturated solid solutions 〈α+γ〉; occurrence and reversal of “rejuvenation”). This hypothesis provides scientific explanations not only for the processes described above, but also for processes related to graphitization, weldability, floccene formation, achievement of high strength, etc. This scientific hypothesis will become the basis for new approaches in existing areas, e.g., for development of iron-based hydrogen-storage alloys (HSAs).


Bainite Silicon Content Residual Austenite Bainite Steel Compressor Pipe 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. P. Kopaleishvili
    • 1
  • I. G. Kashakashvili
    • 1
  • L. B. Kereselidze
    • 1
  • O. G. Ioseliani
    • 1
  1. 1.Georgian Technical UniversityTbilisiGeorgia

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