Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 389–413 | Cite as

The Spirits, NGEB, and the social suppression of memory: a complex clinical case from Bali

Clinical Case Study
  • Robert Lemelson
  • Luh Ketut Suryani

Clinical history

A. Patient Identification

“Nyoman” is a 53-year-old Balinese rice farmer. He was born in a small rural village located at the center of the southern Balinese rice bowl—a densely settled part of Bali and one of the most agriculturally productive areas of Indonesia. The village is about 30 kilometers north of Bali’s capital city of Denpasar. Nyoman still lives in his natal family compound. He is married to a woman who is a member of his clan (dadia), with whom he has two adult children. His wife works in the market selling religious offerings. Nyoman has worked all his life in the fields, farming several hectares of rice land. Occasionally, he also works as a construction laborer.

The first author (R.B.L.) first met Nyoman at his home in 1996. Nyoman was a participant in the second author’s (L.K.S.) 12-year follow-up study of 113 cases of acute-onset psychosis, based on hospital admissions at Wangaya Government Hospital in Denpasar. Nyoman was initially hospitalized in...


Social Withdrawal Visual Hallucination Endrin Spirit World Thought Insertion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology and AnthropologyUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUdayana UniversityDenpasarBali

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