Metabolic Brain Disease

, Volume 34, Issue 5, pp 1261–1266 | Cite as

Down-regulation of ERMN expression in relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis

  • Behnaz Salek Esfahani
  • Jalal Gharesouran
  • Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard
  • Shahrzad Talebian
  • Shahram Arsang-Jang
  • Mir Davood Omrani
  • Mohammad TaheriEmail author
  • Maryam RezazadehEmail author
Original Article


Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease causing demyelination and neurodegeneration in the central nervous system (CNS). Although the exact etiology of MS is still unclear, both genetic and environmental elements are regarded as causative factors. Environmental factors can induce a cascade of events in immune system leading to neuronal death and nerve demyelination. This paper aims to compare the peripheral transcript levels of Ermin (ERMN) (a gene with putative role in cytoskeletal rearrangements during myelinogenesis) and Listerin E3 Ubiquitin Protein Ligase 1 (LTN1) (a gene with functions in regulating innate immune system) between relapsing-remitting MS (RR-MS) patients and healthy controls. The results showed a significant decrease in ERMN expression (p = 0.022); whereas, no significant difference was detected in LTN1 expression between two groups (p = 0.935). The reduction in ERMN expression in leukocytes could be the cause of demyelinating process in RR-MS patients. Current findings might also have practical importance in prognosis and targeted therapies.


Multiple sclerosis (MS) ERMN LTN1 Myelination 



The current study was supported by a grant from Tabriz University of Medical Sciences.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty of MedicineTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  2. 2.Department of Medical Genetics, School of MedicineShahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Clinical Research Development Center (CRDU)Qom University of Medical SciencesQomIran
  4. 4.Urogenital Stem Cell Research CenterShahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  5. 5.Immunology Research CenterTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran

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