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Silencing of lncRNA DLEU1 inhibits tumorigenesis of ovarian cancer via regulating miR-429/TFAP2A axis

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Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known as crucial regulators in the development of OC. In the current study, we aim to explore the function and molecular mechanism of lncRNA DLEU1 in OC. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was applied to determine the expression of DLEU1, miR-429, and TFAP2A in OC cells and tissues. The relationship among DLEU1, miR-429, and TFAP2A was tested by dual-luciferase reporter (DLR) assay. Besides, the proliferative, migratory and invasive abilities of OC cells were analyzed by MTT, wound healing, and transwell assays, respectively. Western blot was performed to determine the protein expression of TFAP2A. The expression of lncRNA DLEU1 and TFAP2A were upregulated, and miR-429 was downregulated in OC tissues. Silencing of DLEU1 inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of OC cells. Bioinformation and DLR assay showed that DLEU1 acted as the sponge for miR-429. Moreover, miR-429 could directly target TFAP2A and inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of OC cells. Moreover, we observed a negative correlation between miR-429 and DLEU1, and between miR-429 and TFAP2A in OC tissues. The transfection of miR-429 inhibitor or pcDNA-TFAP2A reversed the inhibitory effects of si-DLEU1 on the proliferation, migration, and invasion of OC cells. Silencing of DLEU1 inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of OC cells by regulating miR-429/TFAP2A axis, indicating a potential therapeutic target for OC.

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Authors and Affiliations



HYX and LYW designed and analyzed the experiment, and was a major contributor in writing the manuscript. HYX, LYW and XLJ performed the experiment. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Xiuli Jiang.

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The Authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

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This study was approved by the ethics committee of The First People’s Hospital of Lanzhou City (202008-19). Written informed consent was obtained from all subjects.

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Xu, H., Wang, L. & Jiang, X. Silencing of lncRNA DLEU1 inhibits tumorigenesis of ovarian cancer via regulating miR-429/TFAP2A axis. Mol Cell Biochem 476, 1051–1061 (2021).

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