Ecto-enzymes activities in splenic lymphocytes of mice experimentally infected by Trypanosoma cruzi and treated with specific avian immunoglobulins: an attempt to improve the immune response
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of specific avian polyclonal antibodies (IgY) against Trypanosoma cruzi and their interaction with ecto-enzymes of the purinergic system (NTPDase and adenosine deaminase (ADA) activities) in splenic lymphocytes. For this, mice were divided into six groups: three non-infected (A, B, and C) and three infected (D, E, and F). The groups A and D were composed by negative and positive controls, respectively; while the groups B and E were treated prophylactically with IgY (50 mg/kg), and the groups C and F were treated therapeutically with IgY (50 mg/kg). Treatment with IgY reduced parasitemia on day 6 post-infection (PI) compared to the infected control group, but it was similar on day 8 PI. Moreover, infected and treated animals (the groups E and F) did not show neither amastigotes in the cardiac tissue nor cardiac lesions when compared to the positive control group (the group D). The E-NTPDase (ATP and ADP as substrate) and ADA activities in splenic lymphocytes increased significantly in the positive control group (the group D) compared to the negative control group (the group A). The therapeutic treatment of IgY (the group F) was able to prevent the increase of E-NTPDase and E-ADA activities compared to the positive control group (the group D), but this finding was not observed in animals that received the prophylactic treatment (the group E). The therapeutic treatment of IgY may be considered an interesting approach to improve the immune response of mice experimentally infected by T. cruzi.
KeywordsChagas disease Avian immunoglobulins Egg yolk antibodies
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures in this study were approved by the Animal Welfare Committee of Ethics in Animal Experimentation of the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), under protocol number 5699170915, following the guidelines established by Brazilian Society of Science in Laboratory Animals.
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