Splicing factors differentially expressed in psoriasis alter mRNA maturation of disease-associated EDA+ fibronectin
The EDA+ fibronectin splicing variant is overexpressed in psoriatic non-lesional epidermis and sensitizes keratinocytes to mitogenic signals. However, regulation of its abundance is only partially understood. In our recent cDNA microarray experiment, we identified three SR-rich splicing factors—splicing factor, arginine/serine-rich 18 (SFRS18), peptidyl-prolyl cis–trans isomerase G (PPIG), and luc-7 like protein 3 (LUC7L3)—which might be implicated in the preactivated states of keratinocytes in psoriatic non-involved skin and could also contribute to the regulation of fibronectin mRNA maturation. In this study, we investigated the role of LUC7L3, PPIG, and SFRS18 in psoriasis and in the mRNA maturation process of fibronectin. Regarding tissue staining experiments, we were able to demonstrate a characteristic distribution of the splicing factors in healthy, psoriatic non-involved and involved epidermis. Moreover, the expression profiles of these SR-rich proteins were found to be very similar in synchronized keratinocytes. Contribution of splicing facwwtors to the EDA+ fibronectin formation was also confirmed: their siRNA silencing leads to altered fibronectin mRNA and protein expression patterns, suggesting the participation in the EDA domain inclusion. Our results indicate that LUC7L3, PPIG, and SFRS18 are not only implicated in EDA+ fibronectin formation, but also that they could possess multiple roles in psoriasis-associated molecular abnormalities.
KeywordsPsoriasis mRNA splicing EDA+ fibronectin SR-rich splicing factors
The study was supported by OTKA K105985, OTKA K111885 and TÁMOP-4.2.2.A-11/1/KONV-2012-0035, GINOP-2.3.2-15-2016-00015 research Grants.
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