Effects of low level microwave radiation on carcinogenesis in Swiss Albino mice
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This study concerns with the multiple treatment of the target site to potent carcinogen and the super imposition of low level radiofrequency and microwave radiation. Swiss albino mice (male) were used for this investigation. The study has been divided in two parts, part A: a single dose of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) 100 μg/animal was applied topically on the skin of mice and were exposed to 112 MHz amplitude modulated (AM) at 16 Hz (power density 1.0 mW/cm2, specific absorption rate (SAR) 0.75 W/kg). Similarly after a single dose of DMBA, mice were exposed to 2.45 GHz radiation (power density of 0.34 mW/cm2, SAR, 0.1 W/kg), 2 h/day, 3 days a week for a period of 16 weeks. The two sets of experiments were carried out separately. Part B: mice were transplanted intraperitoneally (ip) with ascites 8 × 108 (Ehrlich-Lettre ascites, strain E) carcinoma cells per mouse. These mice were exposed to 112 MHz amplitude modulated at 16 Hz and 2.45 GHz radiation separately for a period of 14 days. There was no tumor development in mice exposed to RF and MW. Similarly a topical application of single dose of DMBA followed by RF/MW exposure also did not produce any visible extra tumor on the skin of mice. On the other hand mice were transplanted intraperitoneally with ascites (8 × 108 cell/ml) and subsequently exposed to above mentioned fields for 14 days showed a slight increase in the cell numbers as compared to the control group. However, the increase is insignificant. There were insignificant differences either in the mortality or cell proliferation among the control and exposed group. This results show that low level RF or MW do not alter tumor growth and development as evidenced by no observable change in tumor size.