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Challenging the transcendental position: the holism of experience

Abstract

Taking the problem of perception and illusion as a leading clue, this article presents a new phenomenological approach to perception and the world: “holism of experience.” It challenges not only Husserl’s transcendentalism, but also what remains of it in Heidegger’s early thought, on the grounds that it is committed to the skeptical inference: “Since we can always doubt any perception, we can always doubt perception as a whole.” The rejection of such an implicit inference leads to a relational paradigm of Being-in-the-World that differs from Heidegger’s on many points.

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Notes

  1. Dilthey (2002, p. 249); id. (1992, p. 229).

  2. Dilthey (2002, p. 253); id. (1992, pp. 233–234).

  3. Heidegger (1999, p. 61) [Below Heidegger’s Gesamtausgabe is abbreviated GA #, p. #].

  4. Ibid., p. 5.

  5. Heidegger (1962, p. 225) [Below Heidegger’s Being and Time is abbreviated BT, p. #]; id., (1986, p. 180) [Below Heidegger’s Sein und Zeit is abbreviated SZ, p. #].

  6. Heidegger (1992, p. 157); GA 20, p. 211.

  7. Boehm (1959, p. 486).

  8. Ingarden (1975, p. 21). [“Streichen wir das reine Bewusstsein, so streichen wir die Welt.”].

  9. Husserl (1998, p. 3); id., Husserliana [abbreviated below as Hua] 1, p. 3. See also Husserl (1973, p. 1); id., Hua 1, p. 43.

  10. BT, pp. 246–247; SZ, p. 202.

  11. BT, p. 271 [trans. slightly modified—Tr.]; SZ, p. 229.

  12. GA 56/57, p. 92.

  13. Heidegger (1988 p. 170); GA 24, p. 241.

  14. BT, pp. 255–256; SZ, p. 212.

  15. BT, p. 251; SZ, p. 208.

  16. BT, p. 34; SZ 13.

  17. Heidegger (1988, p. 216); GA 24, p. 308.

  18. Heidegger (1988, p. 166); GA 24, p. 237.

  19. Heidegger (1984, p. 169); GA 26, p. 217.

  20. Husserl (1997, p. 12); Hua 16, p. 15.

  21. Husserl (1997, p. 13); Hua 16, p. 16.

  22. Husserl (1982, p. 332); Hua 3.1, p. 320.

  23. Husserl (1973, p. 17); Hua 1, p. 57.

  24. Qtd. by Merleau-Ponty (1962, p. 334).

  25. Ibid., p. 340 [trans. modified—Tr.].

  26. Hinton (1973). See also Austin (1962), Putnam (1999) and McDowell (1998).

  27. Merleau-Ponty (1962, pp. 344, 339, 342, respectively).

  28. Ibid., xvi.

  29. Ibid., p. 207. See also BT, p. 251: “But what distinguishes this assertion [“the external world is Really present-at hand”] is the fact that in realism there is a lack of ontological understanding. Indeed realism tries to explain Reality ontically by Real connections of interaction between things that are Real.”

  30. Merleau-Ponty (1962, pp. 49, 363–364, 369); “The return to perceptual experience… puts out of court all forms of realism,” Ibid., p. 47.

  31. Heidegger (1984, p. 192); GA 26, 248–249.

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Correspondence to Claude Romano.

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Translated by Michael B. Smith, Berry College (smithster@gmail.com).

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Romano, C. Challenging the transcendental position: the holism of experience. Cont Philos Rev 44, 1–21 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11007-011-9165-x

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Keywords

  • Holism
  • Heidegger
  • Husserl
  • Skepticism
  • Evenemential hermeneutics