# Reservoir Description with Integrated Multiwell Data Using Two-Dimensional Wavelets

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## Abstract

Inferring reservoir data from dynamic production data has long been done through matching the production history. However, proper integration of available production history has always been a challenge. Different production history data such as well pressure and water cut often occur at different scales making their joint inversion difficult. Furthermore, production data obtained from the same well or even the same reservoir are often correlated making a significant portion of the dataset redundant. Thirdly, the massiveness of the data recorded from wells in a large reservoir over a long period of time makes the nonlinear inversion of such data computational demanding. In this paper, we propose the integration of multiwell production data using wavelet transform. The method involves the use of a two-dimensional wavelet transformation of the data space in order to integrate multiple production data and reduce the correlation between multiwell data. Multiple datasets from different wells, representing different production responses (pressure, water cut, etc.), were treated as a single matrix of data rather than separate vectors that assume no correlation amongst datasets. This enabled us to transform the multiwell production data into a two-dimensional wavelet domain and subsequently select the most important wavelets for history match. By minimizing the square of the Frobenius norm of the residual matrix we were able to match the calculated response to the observed response. We derived the relationship that allows us to replace a conventional minimization of the sum of squares of the *l* _{2} norms of multi-objective functions with the minimization of the square of the Frobenius norm of the integrated data. The usefulness of the approach is demonstrated using two examples. The approach proved very effective at reducing correlation between multiwell data. In addition, the method helped to reduce the cost of computing sensitivity coefficients. However, the method gave poor prediction of water cut when the datasets were not scaled before inverse modeling.

## Keywords

Parameter estimation Data integration Wavelet transform Adjoint sensitivity Reparameterization## Notes

### Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the support received from the Saudi Aramco Research Collaboration Fellowship and the Stanford University Petroleum Research Institute for Innovation in Well Testing (SUPRI-D) toward completing this work.

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