Skip to main content

Seismic and well logging interpretation for evaluation of the lower Bahariya reservoir, southwest Qarun (SWQ) Field, Gindi Basin, Egypt

Abstract

This paper focuses on seismic and well log interpretations for evaluating the sandstones of the Cenomanian Bahariya Formation in the southwest Qarun Field, Gindi Basin, northern Western Desert of Egypt. The seismic profiles display a clear anticlinal structure intersected by reverse faults in the study area. This faulted anticline has been interpreted to be one of the Syrian arc system folds formed by Upper Cretaceous tectonic inversion, which resulted from the NW movement of the African Plate relative to Laurasia. This anticline has been recommended as a target for exploration by the present work as it may represent a structural trap for hydrocarbon accumulation. The sandstones of the Lower Bahariya Formation in the southwest Qarun Field display good reservoir characteristics. The interpretation of the available well log data for the SWQ-21 and SWQ-25 wells for the Lower Bahariya Formation reflects a good reservoir quality for oil production in its topmost part. This reservoir possesses low SW (<50%), high porosity (16%), low SW/SXO and low BVW (<0.09) which all reflect a high potential for oil production.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12

References

  • Archie GE (1942) The electrical resistivity log as an aid in determining some reservoir characteristics. Petrol Technol 5:54–62

    Google Scholar 

  • Asquith GB, Krygowski D, Gibson CR (2004) Basic well log analysis, vol 16. American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa

    Google Scholar 

  • Dolson CJ, Shaan VM, Matbouly S, Harwood C, Rashed R, Hammouda H (2001) The petroleum potential of Egypt. In Downey WM, Threet CJ, Morgan AW (ed) Petroleum proviences of the twenty-first century, Vol. Memoir No. 74. American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG), Tulsa, pp 453–482

    Google Scholar 

  • EGPC (1992) Western Desert, oil and gas fields, a comprehensive overview. In: 11th petroleum exploration and production conference, Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation, Cairo, pp 1–431

  • El Ayouty MK (1990) Petroleum geology. In: Said R (ed) The geology of Egypt. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 567–599

    Google Scholar 

  • Johnson DE, Pile KE (2006) Well logging in nontechnical language. PennWell Books, Tulsa, p 289

    Google Scholar 

  • Moustafa AR (2008) Mesozoice Cenozoic basin evolution in the northern Western Desert of Egypt. In: Salem M, El-Arnauti A, Saleh A (eds) 3rd symposium on the sedimentary Basins of Libya, the Geology of East Libya, vol. 3, pp. 29–46

  • Roushdy M, Hashem A, El Nady M, Mostafa Y, El Gendy N, Ali H (2011) Specific geochemical parameters and oil: source rock correlations of some oilfields in the North Western Desert, Egypt. J Am Sci 7(5):715–729

    Google Scholar 

  • Schlumberger (1984) In: Geology of Egypt. Paper presented at the Well Evaluation Conference, Schlumberger, Cairo, pp 1–64

  • Schlumberger (1995) In: Geology of Egypt. Paper presented at the Well Evaluation Conference, Schlumberger, Cairo, pp 58–66

  • Sestini G (1995) Egypt. In: Kulke H (ed) Regional petroleum geology of the world, part II: Africa, America, Australia and Antarctica (Vol. Beiträge zur regionalen Geologie der Erde, Gebrüder Bornträger Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart). Band 22, pp 66–87

  • Shalaby MR, Hakimi MH, Abdullah WH (2011) Geochemical characteristics and hydrocarbon generation modeling of the Jurassic source rocks in the Shoushan Basin, north Western Desert, Egypt. Mar Petrol Geol 28(9):1611–1624

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Qarun Petroleum Company and the Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC) for providing the data presented in this article. Dr. M. Sarhan acknowledges the Egyptian Government for Post-Doctorate Academic Visiting Scheme funding of a stay at the University of Leeds and the University of Leeds for hosting the visit and for access to facilities including Petrel Software and Interactive Petrophysics software. Many thanks to Dr. Richard Collier, Senior Lecturer of Tectonic and Sedimentation, School of Earth and Environment, Faculty of Environment at Leeds University, UK for the critical revision of the manuscript and for enhancement its language.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

MAS and AMKB: Idea and suggesting the title of the manuscript, Writing the manuscript, Preparing tables included in the manuscript; MAS: Preparing figures and cross plots presented in the manuscript, Mathematical calculations included in the manuscript, Petrel software used in the manuscript, IBM: Interactive Petrophysics software used in the manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mohammad Abdelfattah Sarhan.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sarhan, M.A., Basal, A.M.K. & Ibrahim, I.M. Seismic and well logging interpretation for evaluation of the lower Bahariya reservoir, southwest Qarun (SWQ) Field, Gindi Basin, Egypt. Mar Geophys Res 38, 271–290 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11001-017-9326-3

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11001-017-9326-3

Keywords

  • Bahariya reservoir
  • Qarun Field
  • Gindi Basin
  • Seismic interpretation
  • Well log interpretation