Factors Associated with Quality of Life Among Mothers Rearing 4- and 18-Month Old Infants in Japan
- 93 Downloads
Objective The purpose of the present study was to investigate factors associated with quality of life (QOL) among mothers raising 4 and 18-month-old infants. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted using self-report questionnaires. Participants included 400 women who took their infants for health checkups at a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan (4-month-olds: n = 197, 18-month-olds: n = 203). Study variables included the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) scale, mother’s lifestyle, support from family, and other factors potentially related to QOL. Results For mothers of 4-month-old infants, total QOL was associated with emotional support from families (OR 6.09, 95% CI 2.13–17.43) and having enough sleep (7 h or more; OR 4.18, 95% CI 1.86–9.36). These mothers had shorter sleeping hours than mothers of 18-month-old infants. QOL of mothers of 18-month-old infants was associated with emotional support from families (OR 3.06, 95% CI 1.14–8.22) and using childrearing support facilities (OR 2.02, 95% CI 1.01–4.01). Conclusion Different factors contributed to mothers’ QOL as a function of infant age. Emotional support from families was associated with better QOL in both mother groups. Differences were that for mothers of 4-month-old infants, enough sleep was relevant to QOL, while in mothers of 18-month-old infants, childcare services helped improving their QOL.
KeywordsQuality of life Mother Infant Social support Child rearing
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Funding and Disclosure
We have no possible conflict of interest and funding.
- Akyn, B., Ege, E., Kocodlu, D., Demiroren, N., & Yylmaz, S. (2009). Quality of life and related factors in women, aged 15–49 in the 12-month post-partum period in Turkey. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, 35(1), 86–93. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1447-0756.2008.00870.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Darcy, J. M., Grzywacz, J. G., Stephens, R. L., Leng, I., Clinch, C. R., & Arcury, T. A. (2011). Maternal depressive symptomatology: 16-month follow-up of infant and maternal health-related quality of life. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 24(3), 249–257. https://doi.org/10.3122/jabfm.2011.03.100201.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Eastwood, J. G., Jalaludin, B. B., Kemp, L. A., Phung, H. N., & Barnett, B. E. (2012). Relationship of postnatal depressive symptoms to infant temperament, maternal expectations, social support and other potential risk factors: Findings from a large Australian cross-sectional study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, 12(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2393-12-148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Giallo, R., Cooklin, A., & Nicholson, J. M. (2014). Risk factors associated with trajectories of mothers’ depressive symptoms across the early parenting period: An Australian population-based longitudinal study. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 17(2), 115–125. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00737-014-0411-1.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Munakata, T., Nakao, T., Fujita, K., & Suwa, S. (1986). Stressor, coping resources, and mental health in an urban population. Journal of Mental Health, 32, 49–68.Google Scholar
- Nohara, M. (2012). A longitudinal study on quality of life in pregnant women and nursing mothers. Journal of Child Health, 71(6), 828–836.Google Scholar
- Sekijima, K. (2012). Physical conditions of mothers in early parenthood. Japanese Journal of Maternal Health, 53(2), 375–382.Google Scholar
- Tazaki, M., & Nakane, M. (1997). WHOQOL26 guidance. Tokyo: Kaneko-shobo.Google Scholar