Factors Associated with Quality of Life Among Mothers Rearing 4- and 18-Month Old Infants in Japan



Objective The purpose of the present study was to investigate factors associated with quality of life (QOL) among mothers raising 4 and 18-month-old infants. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted using self-report questionnaires. Participants included 400 women who took their infants for health checkups at a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan (4-month-olds: n = 197, 18-month-olds: n = 203). Study variables included the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) scale, mother’s lifestyle, support from family, and other factors potentially related to QOL. Results For mothers of 4-month-old infants, total QOL was associated with emotional support from families (OR 6.09, 95% CI 2.13–17.43) and having enough sleep (7 h or more; OR 4.18, 95% CI 1.86–9.36). These mothers had shorter sleeping hours than mothers of 18-month-old infants. QOL of mothers of 18-month-old infants was associated with emotional support from families (OR 3.06, 95% CI 1.14–8.22) and using childrearing support facilities (OR 2.02, 95% CI 1.01–4.01). Conclusion Different factors contributed to mothers’ QOL as a function of infant age. Emotional support from families was associated with better QOL in both mother groups. Differences were that for mothers of 4-month-old infants, enough sleep was relevant to QOL, while in mothers of 18-month-old infants, childcare services helped improving their QOL.


Quality of life Mother Infant Social support Child rearing 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Funding and Disclosure

We have no possible conflict of interest and funding.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomoko Nishida
    • 1
  • Yoko Tanaka
    • 2
  • Hisataka Sakakibara
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of NursingSugiyama Jogakuen UniversityNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.Health Promotion Division, Department of Health and WelfareInuyamaJapan
  3. 3.Department of NursingNagoya University Graduate School of MedicineNagoyaJapan

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