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Evaluation of a Cross Cultural Curriculum: Changing Knowledge, Attitudes and Skills in Pediatric Residents


Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of six online modules, the Cross Cultural Case Stories, designed to teach healthcare professionals and trainees to provide culturally competent care to children with chronic respiratory conditions and their families. Modules increase provider awareness of the types of factors that may vary between cultures. This study assessed learner change in the three domains of knowledge, attitudes and self-reported skills. Improving on earlier studies, this evaluation included a control group for comparison. Methods Subjects comprised 66 first and second year pediatric residents at the University of Florida. Each module includes Objectives, Key Word definitions, Case Story, Lecture, Interactive Exercises and References. Intervention subjects completed an assessment tool before and after training. Control subjects completed the spaced assessments without completing the modules in-between. Results Within the intervention group there was a significant effect associated with the intervention. On average, participants within this group improved 1.67 points on the knowledge assessment (p < .01), 13.64 points on the attitudes self-assessment (p = .01) and 6.86 points on the skills assessment (p ≤ 0.01). When comparing between the intervention and control group significant differences were found in the post knowledge, post skills and post attitudes assessment, with the intervention group exceeding scores from the control group. Conclusions The Cross Cultural Cases provide an accessible, comprehensive and effective means for teaching healthcare and public health professionals and trainees. These cases can potentially provide training for students and practicing professionals from multiple medical and public health related disciplines.

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The authors would like to thank the faculty of the national Pediatric Pulmonary Centers who assisted in the content development of the Cross Cultural Case Studies. The authors would also like to thank the University of Wisconsin Department of Instructional Technology for developing the templates used in this project. A list of contributing individuals can be found at This project was funded in part by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau Grant #T72MC00002.

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Correspondence to Susan Horky.

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Horky, S., Andreola, J., Black, E. et al. Evaluation of a Cross Cultural Curriculum: Changing Knowledge, Attitudes and Skills in Pediatric Residents. Matern Child Health J 21, 1537–1543 (2017).

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  • Cultural competence
  • Interdisciplinary training
  • Pediatric pulmonary
  • Children with special healthcare needs