Almond, D., & Currie, J. (2011). Killing me softly: The fetal origins hypothesis. The Journal of Economic Perspectives: A Journal of the American Economic Association,
Blau, P. M., & Duncan, O. D. (1967). The occupational structure. New York, NY: Wiley.
Boardman, J. D., Powers, D. A., Padilla, Y. C., & Hummer, R. A. (2002). Low birth weight, social factors, and developmental outcomes among children in the United States. Demography,
Case, A., Fertig, A., & Paxson, C. (2005). The lasting impact of childhood health and circumstance. Journal of Health Economics,
24(2), 365–389. doi:10.1016/j.jhealeco.2004.09.008.
Child Trends Databank. (2015). Low and very low birthweight infants. Retrieved from http://www.childtrends.org/?indicators=low-and-very-low-birthweight-infants.
Conley, D., Strully, K., & Bennett, N. G. (2003). The starting gate: Birth weight and life chances. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Currie, J. (2011). Inequality at birth: Some causes and consequences. National Bureau of Economic Research, 101(3), 1–22. doi:10.3386/w16798.
Currie, J., & Hyson, R. (1999). Is the impact of health shocks cushioned by socioeconomic status? The case of low birthweight. National Bureau of Economic Research, 89(2), 245–250. doi:10.3386/w6999.
Datar, A., Kilburn, M. R., & Loughran, D. S. (2010). Endowments and parental investments in infancy and early childhood. Demography,
de Bernabé, J. V., Soriano, T., Albaladejo, R., Juarranz, M., Calle, M. E., Martínez, D., et al. (2004). Risk factors for low birth weight: A review. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology,
Duncan, G. J., Dowsett, C. J., Claessens, A., Magnuson, K., Huston, A. C., Klebanov, P., et al. (2007). School readiness and later achievement. Developmental Psychology,
Duncan, G. J., & Magnuson, K. (2011). The nature and impact of early achievement skills, attention skills, and behavior problems. In G. J. Duncan, & R. J. Murnane (Eds.), Whither opportunity? Rising inequality, schools, and children’s life chances (pp. 47–69). New York City: Russell Sage Foundation.
Elman, C., Wray, L. A., & Xi, J. (2014). Fundamental resource dis/advantages, youth health and adult educational outcomes. Social Science Research,
Geronimus, A. T. (1996). Black/white differences in the relationship of maternal age to birthweight: A population-based test of the weathering hypothesis. Social Science & Medicine,
42(4), 589–597. doi:10.1016/0277-9536(95)00159-X.
Goosby, B. J., & Cheadle, J. E. (2009). Birth weight, math and reading achievement growth: A multilevel between-sibling, between-families approach. Social Forces,
Gorman, B. K. (1999). Racial and ethnic variation in low birthweight in the United States: individual and contextual determinants. Health & Place,
Gorman, B. K. (2002). Birth weight and cognitive development in adolescence: Causal relationship or social selection? Biodemography and Social Biology,
Hack, M., Klein, N. K., & Taylor, H. G. (1995). Long-term developmental outcomes of low birth weight infants. The Future of Children,
Hamilton, B., Martin, J., Osterman, M., Curtin, S., & Mathews, M. S. (2015). Births: Final data for 2014. National Vital Statistics Reports,
Heckman, J. J. (2008). Schools, skills, and synapses. Economic Inquiry,
Kline, R. B. (2015). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford Publications.
Lynch, J. L., & Brooks, R. (2013). Low birth weight and parental investment: Do parents favor the fittest child? Journal of Marriage and Family,
75(3), 533–543. doi:10.1111/jomf.12028.
McGovern, M. E. (2013). Still unequal at birth: Birth weight, socio-economic status and outcomes at age 9. The Economic and Social Review,
44(1, Spring), 53–84.
Merry, J. J. (2013). Tracing the US deficit in PISA reading skills to early childhood evidence from the United States and Canada. Sociology of Education,
Morenoff, J. D. (2003). Neighborhood mechanisms and the spatial dynamics of birth weight. American Journal of Sociology,
Najarian, M., Snow, K., Lennon, J., Kinsey, S., & Mulligan, G. (2010). Early childhood longitudinal study, birth cohort (ECLS-B). Preschool-Kindergarten 2007 Psychometric Report, 2010–009.
Nord, C., Edwards, B., Hilpert, R., Branden, L., Andreassen, C., Elmore, A., et al. (2005). User’s manual for ECLS-B nine-month public-use data file and electronic code book. National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 13.
Palloni, A. (2006). Reproducing inequalities: Luck, wallets, and the enduring effects of childhood health. Demography,
Royer, H. (2009). Separated at girth: US twin estimates of the effects of birth weight. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Shenkin, S. D., Starr, J. M., & Deary, I. J. (2004). Birth weight and cognitive ability in childhood: A systematic review. Psychological Bulletin,
Sparks, P. J. (2009). Do biological, sociodemographic, and behavioral characteristics explain racial/ethnic disparities in preterm births? Social Science and Medicine,
StataCorp, L. (2013). Stata Statistical Software: Release 13. College Station, TX: Stata-Corp LP.
Summer, G., & Spietz, A. (1994). Caregiver/parent–child interaction teaching manual. Seattle, WA: NCAST Publications.
Tully, L. A., Arseneault, L., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., & Morgan, J. (2004). Does maternal warmth moderate the effects of birth weight on twins’ attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and low IQ? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,
Ventura, S. J., Hamilton, B. E., Mathews, T., & Chandra, A. (2003). Trends and variations in smoking during pregnancy and low birth weight: evidence from the birth certificate, 1990–2000. Pediatrics,
111(Supplement 1), 1176–1180.