World Health Organization. (2004). Making pregnancy safer: The critical role of the skilled attendant: A joint statement by WHO. Geneva: World Health Organization, ICM and FIGO.
de Bernis, L., Sherratt, D. R., AbouZahr, C., & Van Lerberghe, W. (2003). Skilled attendants for pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal care. British Medical Bulletin,
Lawn, J. E., Cousens, S., & Zupan, J. (2005). 4 million neonatal deaths: When? where? why? Lancet,
Singh, K., Brodish, P., & Suchindran, C. (2014). A regional multilevel analysis: Can skilled birth attendants uniformly decrease neonatal mortality? Maternal and Child Health Journal,
Yakoob, M. Y., Ali, M. A., Ali, M. U., et al. (2011). The effect of providing skilled birth attendance and emergency obstetric care in preventing stillbirths. BMC Public Health,
11(Suppl 3), S7-2458-11-S3–S7-2458-11-S7.
UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME). (2014). Child mortality estimates CME info: Ghana. http://www.childmortality.org/index.php?r=site/graph#ID=GHA_Ghana. Accessed August 2014.
UN Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-agency Group (MMEIG). (2013). Maternal mortality estimates: Ghana. http://www.maternalmortalitydata.org/inner.html?country_selection=O. Accessed August 2014.
UN Statistics Division. (2015). Millennium Development Indicators: Births attended by skilled personnel, percentage: Ghana. http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/SeriesDetail.aspx?srid=570&crid=288 Accessed July 2015.
Zere, E., Kirigia, J. M., Duale, S., & Akazili, J. (2012). Inequities in maternal and child health outcomes and interventions in Ghana. BMC Public Health,
12(1), 252. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-252.
Vandemoortele, M. (2010). The MDG fundamentals: Improving equity for development. Briefing paper no. 59. London. Overseas Development Institute.
Xu, K., Saksena, P., Jowett, M., et al. (2010). Exploring the thresholds of health expenditure for protection against financial risk. World Health Report (pp. 328–333). Geneva: World Health Organization.
Xu, K., Evans, D. B., Kawabata, K., et al. (2003). Household catastrophic health expenditure: A multicountry analysis. Lancet,
Wagstaff, A. (2002). Poverty and health sector inequalities. Bulletin of the World Health Organization,
Su, T. T., Kouyaté, B., & Flessa, S. (2006). Catastrophic household expenditure for health care in a low-income society: A study from Nouna district, Burkina Faso. Bulletin of the World Health Organization,
Wagstaff, A. (2007). The economic consequences of health shocks: Evidence from Vietnam. Journal of Health Economics,
Van Doorslaer, E., O’Donnell, O., Rannan-Eliya, R. P., et al. (2007). Catastrophic payments for health care in Asia. Health Economics,
Gilson, L. (1997). The lessons of user fee experience in Africa. Health Policy and Planning,
Nyonator, F., & Kutzin, J. (1999). Health for some? The effects of user fees in the Volta region of Ghana. Health Policy and Planning,
Waddington, C., & Enyimayew, K. (1990). A price to pay, part 2: The impact of user charges in the Volta region of Ghana. The International Journal of Health Planning and Management,
Waddington, C. J., & Enyimayew, K. (1989). A price to pay: The impact of user charges in Ashanti-Akim district, Ghana. The International Journal of Health Planning and Management,
World Health Organization. (2010). The World Health Report: Health systems financing: The path to universal coverage. Geneva: World Health Organization.
Blanchet, N., Fink, G., & Osei-Akoto, I. (2012). The effect of Ghana’s national health insurance scheme on health care utilisation. Ghana Medical Journal,
Jehu-Appiah, C., Aryeetey, G., Spaan, E., et al. (2011). Equity aspects of the national health insurance scheme in Ghana: Who is enrolling, who is not and why? Social Science and Medicine,
Sarpong, N., Loag, W., Fobil, J., et al. (2010). National health insurance coverage and socio-economic status in a rural district of Ghana. Tropical Medicine and International Health,
Dixon, J., Tenkorang, E. Y., & Luginaah, I. (2011). Ghana’s national health insurance scheme: Helping the poor or leaving them behind? Environment and Planning-Part C,
Witter, S., & Garshong, B. (2009). Something old or something new? Social health insurance in Ghana. BMC International Health and Human Rights,
9, 20. doi:10.1186/1472-698X-9-20.
Dixon, J., Tenkorang, E. Y., Luginaah, I. N., et al. (2014). National health insurance scheme enrolment and antenatal care among women in Ghana: Is there any relationship? Tropical Medicine and International Health,
Yilma, Z., van Kempen, L., & de Hoop, T. (2012). A perverse ‘net’ effect? Health insurance and ex-ante moral hazard in Ghana. Social Science and Medicine,
Singh, K., Osei-Akoto, I., Otchere, F., et al. (2015). Ghana’s National Health insurance scheme and maternal and child health: A mixed methods study. BMC Health Services Research,
Ghana Statistical Service. (2012). Ghana Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey with an enhanced malaria module and biomarker. Ghana Statistical Service: Accra.
Andersen, R. M. (1995). Revisiting the behavioral model and access to medical care: Does it matter? Journal of Health and Social Behavior,
Rutstein, S. O., & Johnson, K. (2004). The DHS wealth index. DHS comparative reports no. 6. Calverton, MD. ORC Macro.
Jehu-Appiah, C., Aryeetey, G., Agyepong, I., et al. (2012). Household perceptions and their implications for enrollment in the national health insurance scheme in Ghana. Health Policy and Planning,
27(3), 222–233. doi:10.1093/heapol/czr032.
Ghana Statistical Service (GSS), Health Research Unit, Ministry of Health, and ORC Macro. (2003). Ghana service provision assessment survey 2002. Accra: Ghana Statistical Service.
Stanton, C., Blanc, A. K., Croft, T., et al. (2007). Skilled care at birth in the developing world: progress to date and strategies for expanding coverage. Journal of Biosocial Science,
Adjiwanou, V., & LeGrand, T. (2013). Does antenatal care matter in the use of skilled birth attendance in rural Africa: A multi-country analysis. Social Science and Medicine,
Ensor, T., Quigley, P., Green, C., et al. (2014). Knowledgeable antenatal care as a pathway to skilled delivery: Modelling the interactions between use of services and knowledge in Zambia. Health Policy and Planning,
29(5), 580–588. doi:10.1093/heapol/czt044.
Kerber, K. J., de Graft-Johnson, J. E., Bhutta, Z. A., et al. (2007). Continuum of care for maternal, newborn, and child health: From slogan to service delivery. Lancet,
Jahn, A., Iang, M., Shah, U., et al. (2005). Maternity care in rural Nepal: A health service analysis. Tropical Medicine and International Health,
Hodgkin, D. (1996). Household characteristics affecting where mothers deliver in rural Kenya. Health Economics,
Magoma, M., Requejo, J., Campbell, O., et al. (2013). The effectiveness of birth plans in increasing use of skilled care at delivery and postnatal care in rural Tanzania: A cluster randomised trial. Tropical Medicine and International Health,
Yanagisawa, S., Oum, S., & Wakai, S. (2006). Determinants of skilled birth attendance in rural Cambodia. Tropical Medicine and International Health,
Hazarika, I. (2011). Factors that determine the use of skilled care during delivery in India: Implications for achievement of MDG-5 targets. Maternal and Child Health Journal,
Mathole, T., Lindmark, G., Majoko, F., & Ahlberg, B. M. (2004). A qualitative study of women’s perspectives of antenatal care in a rural area of Zimbabwe. Midwifery,
Aliyu, M. H., Jolly, P. E., Ehiri, J. E., et al. (2005). High parity and adverse birth outcomes: Exploring the maze. Birth,
Adegoke, A., & Van Den Broek, N. (2009). Skilled birth attendance-lessons learnt. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,
Moyer, C., Adongo, P., Aborigo, R., et al. (2014). ‘They treat you like you are not a human being’: Maltreatment during labour and delivery in rural northern Ghana. Midwifery,