Journal of Philosophical Logic

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 277–297 | Cite as


  • Stefano PredelliEmail author


This paper argues in favor of a treatment of discourse about fiction in terms of operators on character, that is, Kaplanesque ‘monsters’. The first three sections criticize the traditional analysis of ‘according to the fiction’ as an intensional operator, and the approach to fictional discourse grounded on the notion of contextual shifts. The final sections explain how an analysis in terms of monsters yields the correct readings for a variety of examples involving modal and temporal indexicals.

Key words

fictional narrative historical remarks semantic analysis 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bach, K.: 1987, Thought and Reference, Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  2. Bertolet, R.: 1984, On a fictional ellipsis, Erkenntnis 21, 189–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Corazza, E., Fish, W. and Gorvett, J.: 2002, Who is I? Philosophical Studies 107, 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Crossley, J. N. and Humberstone, L.: 1977, The logic of “actually”, Reports on Mathematical Logic 8, 11–29.Google Scholar
  5. Currie, G.: 1986, Fictional truth, Philosophical Studies 50, 195–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Israel, D. and Perry, J.: 1996, Where Monsters Dwell, in J. Seligman and D. Westerstahl (eds.), Logic, Language and Computation, volume 1, CSLI, Stanford, CA, pp. 303–316.Google Scholar
  7. Kaplan, D.: 1977, Demonstratives, in J. Almog, J. Perry and H. Wettstein (eds.), Themes from Kaplan, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 481–563.Google Scholar
  8. Lewis, D.: 1970, Anselm and actuality, Nous 4, 175–188 (reprinted in Lewis, D.: 1983, Philosophical Papers I, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 10–25).Google Scholar
  9. Lewis, D.: 1978, Truth in fiction, American Philosophical Quarterly 15, 37–46.Google Scholar
  10. Lewis, D.: 1980, Index, context, and content, in S. Kanger and S. Ohman (eds.), Philosophy and Grammar, Reidel, Dordrecht (reprinted in Lewis, D.: 1997, Papers in Philosophical Logic, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 21–44).Google Scholar
  11. Predelli, S.: 2005, Contexts. Meaning, Truth, and the Use of Language, Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  12. Reimer, M.: 2005, The ellipsis account of fiction talk, in R. Elugardo and R. Stainton (eds.), Ellipsis and Nonsentential Speech, Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp. 203–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Romdenh-Romluc, K.: 2002, Now the French are invading England! Analysis 62, 34–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Schlenker, P.: 2003, A plea for monsters. Linguistic and Philosophy 26, 29–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of NottinghamNottinghamUK

Personalised recommendations