This study, involving the modification, validation and use of a learning environment questionnaire for both kindergarten students and their parents, is significant because prior learning environment research has normally involved neither parents nor such young students. A questionnaire, which was based on the What Is Happening In this Class? and assessed actual and preferred teacher support, involvement, cooperation and equity, exhibited sound factorial validity, internal consistency reliability and the ability to differentiate between classrooms. Parents perceived a more favourable actual classroom environment than students, but students preferred a more favourable environment than parents. Associations were found between kindergarten students’ achievement and attitudes and the nature of the learning environment.
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Appendix: Wording of Items in English and Spanish Versions of Student Actual Form of the What Is Happening In this Class? (WIHIC) Questionnaire
Appendix: Wording of Items in English and Spanish Versions of Student Actual Form of the What Is Happening In this Class? (WIHIC) Questionnaire
The teacher likes me
The teacher helps me when I have trouble doing work
The teacher talks to me
The teacher’s questions help me understand
Apoyo del Maestro
Yo le caigo bien al maestro
El maestro me ayuda cuando tengo dificultades haciendo el trabajo
El maestro me habla
Las preguntas del maestro me ayudan entender
I share my ideas
My ideas are used during science class
Other kids discuss with me how to work out science problems
I explain how I work out problems
Comparto mis ideas
Se usan mis ideas durante la clase de ciencia
Otros ninos discuten problemas de ciencia conmigo
Explico como resolver problemas
I help other kids with the work the teacher gives them
Other kids and I work together like a team
I share my supplies with other kids
I learn from other kids in my science class
Trabajo con otros estudiantes en esta clase
Trabajo bien con otros ninos en un equipo
Comparto mis susministors con otros estudiantes asegun trabajamos
Aprendo de otros ninos en mi clase de ciencia
The teacher helps me the same way he/she helps other kids
I am treated the same way as other students in my science class
I get the same chance to participate as other kids
The teacher likes my work as much as the other kids’ work
El maestro me ayuda de la misma manera en que el/ella ayuda a otros ninos
Soy tratado de la misma manera como otros estudiantes en mi clase de ciencia
Tengo las misma oportunidades para participar como otros ninos
Al maestro le gusta mi trabajo de la misma manera como el trabajo de los otros ninos
Items are scored 3, 2 and 1, respectively, for the responses Always, Sometimes and Never
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Robinson, E., Fraser, B.J. Kindergarten students’ and parents’ perceptions of science classroom environments: Achievement and attitudes. Learning Environ Res 16, 151–167 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10984-013-9138-6