Temporal shifts in landscape connectivity for an ecosystem engineer, the roe deer, across a multiple-use landscape

  • Jodie Martin
  • Gwenaël Vourc’h
  • Nadège Bonnot
  • Bruno Cargnelutti
  • Yannick Chaval
  • Bruno Lourtet
  • Michel Goulard
  • Thierry Hoch
  • Olivier Plantard
  • A. J. Mark Hewison
  • Nicolas Morellet
Research Article

Abstract

Context

Routine movements of large herbivores, often considered as ecosystem engineers, impact key ecological processes. Functional landscape connectivity for such species influences the spatial distribution of associated ecological services and disservices.

Objectives

We studied how spatio-temporal variation in the risk-resource trade-off, generated by fluctuations in human activities and environmental conditions, influences the routine movements of roe deer across a heterogeneous landscape, generating shifts in functional connectivity at daily and seasonal time scales.

Methods

We used GPS locations of 172 adult roe deer and step selection functions to infer landscape connectivity. In particular, we assessed the influence of six habitat features on fine scale movements across four biological seasons and three daily periods, based on variations in the risk-resource trade-off.

Results

The influence of habitat features on roe deer movements was strongly dependent on proximity to refuge habitat, i.e. woodlands. Roe deer confined their movements to safe habitats during daytime and during the hunting season, when human activity is high. However, they exploited exposed open habitats more freely during night-time. Consequently, we observed marked temporal shifts in landscape connectivity, which was highest at night in summer and lowest during daytime in autumn. In particular, the onset of the autumn hunting season induced an abrupt decrease in landscape connectivity.

Conclusions

Human disturbance had a strong impact on roe deer movements, generating pronounced spatio-temporal variation in landscape connectivity. However, high connectivity at night across all seasons implies that Europe’s most abundant and widespread large herbivore potentially plays a key role in transporting ticks, seeds and nutrients among habitats.

Keywords

Capreolus capreolus Fragmentation Habitat selection Step selection functions Human activity Human infrastructures 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the local hunting associations, the Fédération Départementale des Chasseurs de la Haute-Garonne for allowing us to work in the Comminges, as well as all coworkers and volunteers for help collecting data. We thank two anonymous referees for constructive comments on a previous version of the manuscript. This work was performed using the facilities of the CC LBBE/PRABI and was supported by the “EUROENET” ANR grant ANR-14-CE02-0017-01 and the “OSCAR” ANR grant ANR-11 AGRO 001 05.

Supplementary material

10980_2018_641_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.5 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1496 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jodie Martin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gwenaël Vourc’h
    • 3
  • Nadège Bonnot
    • 4
  • Bruno Cargnelutti
    • 1
  • Yannick Chaval
    • 1
  • Bruno Lourtet
    • 1
  • Michel Goulard
    • 5
  • Thierry Hoch
    • 6
  • Olivier Plantard
    • 6
  • A. J. Mark Hewison
    • 1
  • Nicolas Morellet
    • 1
  1. 1.CEFS, Université de Toulouse, INRACastanet-TolosanFrance
  2. 2.Centre for African Ecology School of Animal, Plant and Environmental SciencesUniversity of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa
  3. 3.UMR EPIA, INRA, VetAgro SupSt Genès ChampanelleFrance
  4. 4.Grimsö Wildlife Research Station, Department of EcologySwedish University of Agricultural SciencesRiddarhyttanSweden
  5. 5.DYNAFOR, Université de Toulouse, INRACastanet-TolosanFrance
  6. 6.BioEpAR, INRA, Oniris, Université Bretagne LoireNantesFrance

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