Kinetics and Catalysis

, Volume 46, Issue 5, pp 712–718 | Cite as

Cationic Complexes of Monovalent Nickel as Catalysts for Styrene Polymerization

  • V. V. Saraev
  • P. B. Kraikivskii
  • V. V. Annenkov
  • A. I. Vil'ms
  • D. A. Matveev
  • E. N. Danilovtseva
  • T. G. Ermakova
  • N. P. Kuznetsova
  • K. Lammertsma


The interaction of the [Ni(PPh3)3]BF4 complex with styrene and the products of styrene conversion in the polymerization reaction were studied by EPR and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The structure of the σ-carbocationic complex of Ni(I) formed by the interaction of styrene with the [Ni(PPh3)3]BF4 cationic phosphine complex of Ni(I) was characterized in detail. It was found that the reaction of styrene polymerization occurred with the participation of the coordination center of the σ-carbocationic complex (coordination catalysis), whereas the reaction of telomerization occurred with the participation of the cationic center of this complex (ionic catalysis). The resulting polymer contained active terminal double bonds; it is a promising macromonomer for the synthesis of grafted copolymers. The discovered capacity of alcohols to undergo nucleophilic addition to a growing polymer chain offers strong possibilities for preparing functional polymers and block copolymers.


Styrene Block Copolymer PPh3 Phosphine Cationic Complex 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica" 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Saraev
    • 1
  • P. B. Kraikivskii
    • 1
  • V. V. Annenkov
    • 2
  • A. I. Vil'ms
    • 1
  • D. A. Matveev
    • 1
  • E. N. Danilovtseva
    • 2
  • T. G. Ermakova
    • 3
  • N. P. Kuznetsova
    • 3
  • K. Lammertsma
    • 4
  1. 1.Irkutsk State UniversityIrkutskRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Limnology, Siberian DivisionRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  3. 3.Favorskii Institute of Chemistry, Siberian DivisionRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  4. 4.Vrije UniversiteitAmsterdamthe Netherlands

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