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Inhibitory effect of water mist containing composite additives on thermally induced jet fire in lithium-ion batteries

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The jet fire caused by thermal runaway in lithium-ion batteries can be regarded as typical hazard, severely threatening human life. To study the inhibitory effect of water mist containing additives on thermal runaway-induced jet fire in lithium-ion batteries, an experimental test device employing water mist to suppress fire in lithium-ion batteries was developed. In this work, water mist containing additives was used to extinguish the thermal runaway-induced jet fire. The optimal composition of the additive-containing water mist was as follows by mass: 0.22% FC4430, 0.2% TEOA, 0.32% urea, and 2% KCl. The four-factor and three-level orthogonal methods were employed to explore the inhibitory effect of additive-containing water mist on thermal runaway-induced jet fire in lithium-ion batteries. The optimal composition of mist as determined from these methods was: 0.17% FC-4430, 0.2% TEOA, 0.32% urea, and 2.5% KCl. The results show that the synergistic effects of the physical and chemical additives can significantly improve the ability of water mist to suppress jet fires in lithium-ion batteries. In addition, the additive-containing water mist could be used as a new type of extinguishing agent.

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The authors are grateful for the support provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 51874184, Key R&D programs (Social Development) in Jiangsu Province under Grant No. BE2016771, Key Natural Science Foundation in Jiangsu Province under Grant No. 18KJA620003, Jiangsu Project Plan for Outstanding Talents Team in Six Research Fields (TD-XNYQC-002), and Jiangsu Students’ Platform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Program (201910291206T).

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Correspondence to Zhirong Wang.

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Zhou, Y., Wang, Z., Gao, H. et al. Inhibitory effect of water mist containing composite additives on thermally induced jet fire in lithium-ion batteries. J Therm Anal Calorim 147, 2171–2185 (2022).

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