Catalytic co-pyrolysis of seaweeds and cellulose using mixed ZSM-5 and MCM-41 for enhanced crude bio-oil production

Abstract

Catalytic co-pyrolysis of seaweed Enteromorpha clathrata (EN) and cellulose (CEL) with catalysts ZSM-5 and MCM-41 was investigated by TG, Py–GC/MS and fixed-bed experiments. The effects of temperature, catalysts, seaweed and cellulose ratio were examined on product yields distribution and bio-oil compositions by catalytic co-pyrolysis. The maximum bio-oil yield was recorded at the ratio of 1:1 (EN and CEL) with ZSM-5/MCM-41 at 500 °C on co-pyrolytic process. The interaction of radicals and faster heat transfer rate of EN/CEL induces the synergistic effects with catalysts. The advantage of mesoporous molecular sieve along with acidic microporous zeolite of ZSM-5/MCM-41 improved the cracking, dehydration, decarbonylation, decarboxylation, dealkylation, aromatization, oligomerization and deamination reactions. The overall study revealed that the amount of N-containing compounds were decreased and significantly elevated bio-oil production with increased furans and aromatics.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51676091), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2019T120408, 2019TQ0125) and the “333 Project” in Jiangsu Province (No. BRA2019277).

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Hu, Y., Wang, H., Lakshmikandan, M. et al. Catalytic co-pyrolysis of seaweeds and cellulose using mixed ZSM-5 and MCM-41 for enhanced crude bio-oil production. J Therm Anal Calorim 143, 827–842 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-020-09291-w

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Keywords

  • Catalytic co-pyrolysis
  • Seaweed
  • Cellulose
  • ZSM-5
  • MCM-41
  • Bio-oil