Influence of cerium oxide nanoparticles on thermal conductivity of antifreeze

Preparation and stability of nanofluid using surfactant
  • Ali Taghizadeh
  • Mohsen Taghizadeh
  • Mohammad Azimi
  • Ali Sulaiman Alsagri
  • Abdulrahman A. Alrobaian
  • Masoud AfrandEmail author


The objective of this work was to examine the thermal conductivity of a stable nano-antifreeze containing cetyltrimethylammonium bromide coated cerium (IV) oxide nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs). The considered base fluid is a mixture of 50:50 ethylene glycol (EG) and deionized water. The morphology and structure of the samples are characterized with X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The experiments are done in the volume concentration range of 0.1–0.9%, CNT volume concentration range of 0.015–0.135% and the temperature range of 20–50 °C. The thermal conductivity (TC) of the prepared nanofluid samples was measured using a KD2-Pro thermal properties analyzer. The outcomes showed that boosting the temperature and the solid volume concentration causes an increase in the thermal conductivity ratio of the CeO2/EG–water nanofluid. The findings also indicated that the TC of CeO2/EG–water nanofluid augments up to 36.13% at volume concentration of 0.135% and 50 °C. Furthermore, it was depicted that the use of CeO2 NPs lead to a higher TC compared to other NPs in the same base fluid. Finally, a new correlation was proposed for predicting the TC and thermal conductivity enhancement of CeO2/EG–water in terms of nanoparticle concentration and temperature.


Cerium (IV) oxide New nano-antifreeze Thermal conductivity Stability Surfactant 



Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide


Critical micelle concentration




Thermal conductivity (W m−1 K−1)


Ethylene glycol


Thermal conductivity enhancement


Thermal conductivity ratio


Field emission scanning electron microscopy


Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy


X-ray diffraction


Energy-dispersive X-ray analysis

List of symbols


Dimensionless shape factor


Average crystal size (Å)


The line broadening at half the maximum intensity (radian)


X-ray wavelength


The Bragg angle (°)



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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Najafabad BranchIslamic Azad UniversityNajafabadIran
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering Department, Unayzah College of EngineeringQassim UniversityQassimSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Mechanical Engineering Department, College of EngineeringQassim UniversityQassimSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Laboratory of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Advanced Institute of Materials ScienceTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  5. 5.Faculty of Applied SciencesTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam

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