Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 133, Issue 2, pp 1181–1187 | Cite as

Role of the phase transition at GaN QDs formation on (0001)AlN surface by ammonia molecular beam epitaxy

  • Kseniya A. Konfederatova
  • Vladimir G. Mansurov
  • Timur V. Malin
  • Yurij G. Galitsyn
  • Ivan A. Aleksandrov
  • Vladimir I. Vdovin
  • Konstantin S. Zhuravlev


We report an original method of GaN/AlN quantum dots (QDs) formation with low density by ammonia MBE on the (0001)AlN surface using a decomposition process of GaN thin layer. The QDs formation has been investigated in situ by reflection high-energy electron diffraction technique. Low density of quantum dots has been obtained in the range 107–109 cm−2. Single quantum dots photoluminescence lines corresponding to exciton and biexiton transitions were observed in micro-photoluminescence spectra. A lattice gas model was developed for correct description of the GaN QDs statistical ensemble on the surface. Effective interaction between QDs results in the discontinuous phase transitions (first-order phase transitions) from low density of QDs (gas branch) to condensed phase of QDs. The GaN QDs formation has been confirmed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and micro-photoluminescence of single quantum dots.


Reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) Surface processes Adsorption Molecular beam epitaxy III-Nitrides 



This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Grants 17-52-04023, 16-02-00175, 17-02-00947).


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kseniya A. Konfederatova
    • 1
  • Vladimir G. Mansurov
    • 1
  • Timur V. Malin
    • 1
  • Yurij G. Galitsyn
    • 1
  • Ivan A. Aleksandrov
    • 1
  • Vladimir I. Vdovin
    • 1
  • Konstantin S. Zhuravlev
    • 1
  1. 1.Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, SB RASNovosibirskRussia

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