Non-isothermal crystallization kinetics of Ti20Zr20Hf20Be20(Cu50Ni50)20 high-entropy bulk metallic glass
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The crystallization transformation kinetics of Ti20Zr20Hf20Be20(Cu50Ni50)20 high-entropy bulk metallic glass under non-isothermal conditions are investigated using differential scanning calorimetry. The alloy shows two distinct crystallization events. The activation energies of the crystallization events are determined using Kissinger, Ozawa and Augis–Bennett methodologies. Further, we observe that similar values are obtained using the three equations. The activation energy of the initial crystallization event is observed to be slightly small as compared to that of the second event. This implies that the initial crystallization event may have been easier to be occurred. The local activation energy (E(x)) maximizes in the initial stage of crystallization and keeps dropping in subsequent crystallization process. The non-isothermal crystallization kinetics are further analyzed using the modified Johnson–Mehl–Avrami (JMA) equation. Further, the Avrami exponent values are observed to be 1.5 < n(x) < 2.5 for approximately the entire period of the initial crystallization event and for most instances (0.1 < x < 0.6) of the second crystallization event, which implies that the mechanism of crystallization is significantly controlled by diffusion-controlled two- and three-dimensional growth along with a decreasing nucleation rate.
KeywordsHigh-entropy bulk metallic glass Crystallization behavior Activation energy
The research was financially supported by the Special Research Project for the Education Department of Shaanxi Province (Grant No. 14JK1351) and the President fund of Xi’an Technological University (Grant No. 0852-302021407).
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