Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 131, Issue 3, pp 2637–2646 | Cite as

Ablation, thermal stability/transport/phase transition study of carbon nanofiber-reinforced elastomeric nanocomposites

  • Sadia Sagar Iqbal
  • Fawad Inam
  • Ali Bahadar
  • Muhammad Arshad Bashir
  • Faiza Hassan
  • Mohammad Bilal Khan
  • Zaffar M. Khan
  • Tahir Jamil


Novelty of presented research is focused on ablation and thermomechanical characteristics of various loadings of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) of polyisoprene elastomer (PR). Conventional method (banbury disperser with open mixing mill) is applied to complete fabrication process of CNF-reinforced elastomeric nanocomposites. Scanning electron micrographs confirm the proper distribution of CNFs within the elastomeric host matrix. The successful incorporation of CNFs into PR has reduced the back-face temperature and increased the ablation resistance CNF/PR elastomeric nanocomposite in front of ultrahigh temperature (oxyacetylene flame exposure). Carbon nanofiber network with the elastomeric chain restricts the thermal transport within the CNF/PR nanocomposite specimens. The synergistic effect of CNFs on crystallization, glass transition, melting temperatures (T m) of PR elastomeric nanocomposites is studied. Mechanical properties of PR are effectively enhanced by the impregnation of CNFs in the elastomeric nanocomposites.


Polymer nanocomposites Carbon nanofibers Ablation Thermal stability Thermal transport analysis Phase transition studies Mechanical properties 



The authors thank University of the Punjab (fiscal year (2016–2017) research grant) and Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan for awarding funds to accomplish this research.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Polymer Engineering and Technology, CEETUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Construction Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and EnvironmentNorthumbria UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  3. 3.Department of Chemical and Materials EngineeringKing Abdulaziz UniversityRabighSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Institute of Industrial Control SystemRawalpindiPakistan
  5. 5.Department of ChemistryUniversity of the LahoreLahorePakistan
  6. 6.President Medal for Technology, U.S Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Energy (USPCAS-E)National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)IslamabadPakistan
  7. 7.Department of Aeronautics and AstronauticsInstitute of Space TechnologyIslamabadPakistan

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