Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 131, Issue 3, pp 2951–2962 | Cite as

The production of hydrogen through steam reforming of bio-oil model compounds recovering waste heat from blast furnace slag

Thermodynamic study
  • Xin Yao
  • Qingbo Yu
  • Huaqing Xie
  • Wenjun Duan
  • Zhengri Han
  • Sihong Liu
  • Qin Qin
Article
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

A novel strategy that combines steam reforming of bio-oil and recovering waste heat from blast furnace (BF) slag was proposed, and the thermodynamic characterizations of steam reforming of bio-oil model compounds recovering waste heat from BF slag for hydrogen production were investigated. When temperature ranged from 600 to 700 °C, hydrogen yield and its component reached maximum, about 100 mol kg−1 bio-oil model compounds and 70%, respectively. The higher mole ratio of steam to carbon in bio-oil (S/C), the higher hydrogen yield and its component were obtained, but according to the practical process, the most suitable S/C was 4. The ordinary pressure (1 bar) was considered as the optimum pressure for steam reforming of bio-oil model compounds recovering waste heat from BF slag. At lower temperatures (below 500 °C), BF slag could promote hydrogen yield, but it slightly decreased equilibrium yield of hydrogen at the optimal conditions. Besides, BF slag could promote hydrogen component at lower temperatures (below 600 °C), but it had little effect at the optimal conditions. Solid carbon should be reduced during steam reforming of bio-oil compounds recovering waste heat from BF slag.

Keywords

Thermodynamics Steam reforming Bio-oil model compounds Hydrogen Waste heat recovery Blast furnace slag 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Major State Research Development Program of China (2017YFB0603603), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51576035), the National Postdoctoral Program for Innovative Talents (BX201600028), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51604077), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (N150203006) and the Doctoral Scientific Research Foundation of Liaoning Province (201601004).

References

  1. 1.
    Kalinci Y, Hepbasli A, Dincer I. Biomass-based hydrogen production: a review and analysis. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2009;34(21):8799–817.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tanksale A, Beltramini JN, Lu GM. A review of catalytic hydrogen production processes from biomass. Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 2010;14(1):166–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Xie H, Yu Q, Zuo Z, Zhang J, Han Z, Qin Q. Thermodynamic analysis of hydrogen production from raw coke oven gas via steam reforming. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2016;126(3):1621–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hu X, Lu G. Investigation of the steam reforming of a series of model compounds derived from bio-oil for hydrogen production. Appl Catal B. 2009;88(3–4):376–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zuo Z, Yu Q, Wei M, Xie H, Duan W, Wang K, Qin Q. Thermogravimetric study of the reduction of copper slag by biomass. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2016;126(2):481–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gil MV, Riaza J, Álvarez L, Pevida C, Pis JJ, Rubiera F. A study of oxy-coal combustion with steam addition and biomass blending by thermogravimetric analysis. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2011;109(1):49–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wang DN, Czernik S, Chornet E. Production of hydrogen from biomass by catalytic steam reforming of fast pyrolysis oils. Energy Fuels. 1998;12(1):19–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Oliveira TJP, Cardoso CR, Ataíde CH. Fast pyrolysis of soybean hulls: analysis of bio-oil produced in a fluidized bed reactor and of vapor obtained in analytical pyrolysis. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2015;120(1):427–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fangbai Z, Ning W, Lu Y, Mao L, Lihong H. Ni–Co bimetallic MgO-based catalysts for hydrogen production via steam reforming of acetic acid from bio-oil. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2014;39:18688–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mondal T, Kaul N, Mittal R, Pant KK. Catalytic steam reforming of model oxygenates of bio-oil for hydrogen production over La modified Ni/CeO2–ZrO2 catalyst. Top Catal. 2016;59(15–16):1343–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rioche C, Kulkarni S, Meunier FC, Breen JP, Burch R. Steam reforming of model compounds and fast pyrolysis bio-oil on supported noble metal catalysts. Appl Catal B. 2005;61(1–2):130–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Azad FS, Abedi J, Salehi E, Harding T. Production of hydrogen via steam reforming of bio-oil over Ni-based catalysts: effect of support. Chem Eng J. 2012;180:145–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yan CF, Cheng FF, Hu RR. Hydrogen production from catalytic steam reforming of bio-oil aqueous fraction over Ni/CeO2–ZrO2 catalysts. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2010;35(21):11693–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
    Sun Y, Zhang Z, Liu L, Wang X. Integration of biomass/steam gasification with heat recovery from hot slags: thermodynamic characteristics. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2016;41(14):5916–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Barati M, Esfahani S, Utigard TA. Energy recovery from high temperature slags. Energy. 2011;36(9):5440–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sun Y, Zhang Z, Liu L, Wang X. Multi-stage control of waste heat recovery from high temperature slags based on time temperature transformation curves. Energies. 2014;7(3):1673–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sun Y, Zhang Z, Liu L, Wang X. Heat recovery from high temperature slags: a review of chemical methods. Energies. 2015;8(3):1917–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kasai E, Kitajima T, Akiyama T, Yagi J, Saito F. Rate of methane-steam reforming reaction on the surface of molten BF slag-for heat recovery from molten slag by using a chemical reaction. ISIJ Int. 1997;37(10):1031–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Shimada T, Kochura V, Akiyama T, Kasai E, Yagi JI. Effects of slag compositions on the rate of methane–steam reaction. ISIJ Int. 2000;41(2):111–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Purwanto H, Akiyama T. Hydrogen production from biogas using hot slag. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2006;31(4):491–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Luo S, Fu J, Zhou Y, Yi C. The production of hydrogen-rich gas by catalytic pyrolysis of biomass using waste heat from blast-furnace slag. Renew Energy. 2017;101:1030–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Duan W, Yu Q, Wang K, Qin Q, Hou L, Yao X, Wu T. ASPEN Plus simulation of coal integrated gasification combined blast furnace slag waste heat recovery system. Energy Convers Manage. 2015;100:30–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sun Y, Zhang Z, Liu L, Wang X. Integrated carbon dioxide/sludge gasification using waste heat from hot slags: syngas production and sulfur dioxide fixation. Bioresour Technol. 2015;181:174–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Luo S, Zhou Y, Yi C. Hydrogen-rich gas production from biomass catalytic gasification using hot blast furnace slag as heat carrier and catalyst in moving-bed reactor. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2012;37(20):15081–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Yao X, Yu Q, Wang K, Xie H, Qin Q. Kinetic characterizations of biomass char CO2-gasification reaction within granulated blast furnace slag. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2017;42(32):20520–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Luo S, Feng Y. The production of hydrogen-rich gas by wet sludge pyrolysis using waste heat from blast-furnace slag. Energy. 2016;113:845–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Duan W, Yu Q, Liu J, Wu T, Yang F, Qin Q. Experimental and kinetic study of steam gasification of low-rank coal in molten blast furnace slag. Energy. 2016;111:859–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Duan W, Yu Q, Wu T, Yang F, Qin Q. Experimental study on steam gasification of coal using molten blast furnace slag as heat carrier for producing hydrogen-enriched syngas. Energy Convers Manage. 2016;117:513–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Duan W, Yu Q, Wu T, Yang F, Qin Q. The steam gasification of coal with molten blast furnace slag as heat carrier and catalyst: kinetic study. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2016;41(42):18995–9004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Xie H, Yu Q, Wang K, Shi X, Li X. Thermodynamic analysis of hydrogen production from model compounds of bio-oil through steam reforming. Environ Prog Sustain Energy. 2014;33(3):1008–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Xie H, Yu Q, Wei M, Duan W, Yao X, Qin Q, Zuo Z. Hydrogen production from steam reforming of simulated bio-oil over Ce–Ni/Co catalyst with in continuous CO2 capture. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2015;40(3):1420–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Xie H, Yu Q, Yao X, Duan W, Zuo Z, Qin Q. Hydrogen production via steam reforming of bio-oil model compounds over supported nickel catalysts. J Energy Chem. 2015;24(3):299–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Duan W, Yu Q, Xie H, Qin Q. Pyrolysis of coal by solid heat carrier-experimental study and kinetic modeling. Energy. 2017;135:317–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Koukkari P, Pajarre R. Introducing mechanistic kinetics to the Lagrangian Gibbs energy calculation. Comput Chem Eng. 2006;30(6–7):1189–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Xie H, Yu Q, Zuo Z, Han Z, Yao X, Qin Q. Hydrogen production via sorption-enhanced catalytic steam reforming of bio-oil. Int J Hydrogen Energy. 2016;41(4):2345–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of MetallurgyNortheastern UniversityShenyangPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations