Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 131, Issue 3, pp 2673–2686 | Cite as

A thermodynamic investigation of the Li–Sb system

  • A. Beutl
  • D. Henriques
  • V. Motalov
  • D. Cupid
  • T. Markus
  • H. Flandorfer


Many standard thermodynamic data in the binary system Li–Sb can be found in literature; however, they are often derived from electrochemical measurements taken at higher temperatures. The uncertainties associated with the extrapolation of these high-temperature data to room temperature are, however, inherently large. Therefore, a comprehensive investigation of the thermodynamic properties in the Li–Sb system was conducted in this work to generate more reliable data. Four different experimental techniques were used for the investigations. The heat capacities for both binary compounds, Li2Sb and Li3Sb, were measured for the very first time. In addition, the enthalpies of formation for both compounds were determined by drop solution and direct reaction calorimetry. Furthermore, Knudsen effusion mass spectrometry was performed to measure partial enthalpies and activities of Sb.


Cp Calorimetry KEMS Li–Sb Thermodynamics 



This work was supported by the German Research Foundation “Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)” within the DFG priority program SPP1473 “WeNDeLIB.” V. Motalov thanks the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (Project No. 4.3232.2017/PP).


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Beutl
    • 1
  • D. Henriques
    • 2
  • V. Motalov
    • 3
    • 4
  • D. Cupid
    • 5
  • T. Markus
    • 2
  • H. Flandorfer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Inorganic Chemistry – Functional MaterialsUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Institute for Thermo - and FluiddynamicsMannheim University of Applied SciencesMannheimGermany
  3. 3.Institute for Energy and Climate Research (IEK, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH-2)JülichGermany
  4. 4.Research Institute of Thermodynamics and KineticsIvanovo State University of Chemistry and TechnologyIvanovoRussia
  5. 5.Institute for Applied Materials - Applied Materials Physics (IAM-AWP)Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)Eggenstein-LeopoldshafenGermany

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