Compatibility study of dihydroxylammonium 3,3′-dinitroamino-4,4′-azoxyfurazanate with some energetic materials applied in solid propellant
- 224 Downloads
In this paper, chemical compatibility between dihydroxylammonium 3,3′-dinitroamino-4,4′-azoxyfurazanate (HOF) and some energetic components applied in solid propellant is explored via differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and vacuum stability test (VST). DSC results show that HOF was compatible with NC, BAMO–GAP, GAP, HMX, CL-20, DNTF, NTO-Pb, Al powder, and Mg powder according to a modified evaluated standard of DSC. However, absorbentia (NC + NG) and RDX were both sensitive with HOF, while binary mixture of HOF and DINA was incompatible. After heating at 90 °C for 40 h, net gas evolution of binary mixtures, such as HOF/NC, HOF/absorbentia, HOF/BAMO–GAP, HOF/DINA, HOF/RDX, was 0.04, 0.84, −0.50, 6.62, and 7.23 mL, respectively, when compared to single HOF sample. VST result further identifies that HOF was simultaneously compatible with NC and BAMO–GAP, but did moderately interact with absorbentia. It is found that DINA and RDX are both incompatible with HOF, which means they are not allowed to store with HOF for a long time.
KeywordsCompatibility Dihydroxylammonium 3,3′-dinitroamino-4,4′-azoxyfurazanate DSC VST Solid propellant Energetic material
The authors would like to thank Young Foundation (No. 201503034) of Xi’an Modern Chemistry Research Institute for financial support.
- 1.Luo YJ, Wang XQ, Ge Z. Energetic polymers. Beijing: National Defense Industry Press; 2011.Google Scholar
- 2.Nielsen AT, Chan ML, Kraeutle CK. Polynitropolyazacaged explosives, Part 7, NWC TP7200. China Lake: Naval Weapons Center; 1989.Google Scholar
- 4.Zheng W, Wang JN, Xie B, Song XD, Tian J, Yuan ZF. Properties of composite modified double-based propellant containing CL-20. Chin J Energ Mater. 2011;19:272–5.Google Scholar
- 5.Chen JB, Zheng W, Pei JF, Cao P, Yuan ZF, Song XD, Wang JN. Effect of nano-TiO2 on combustion properties of RDX-CMDB propellant. Initiat Pyrotech. 2015;4:30–3.Google Scholar
- 6.Ding L, Zhao FQ, Li SW, Xu HX, Li YH, Yi JH. Combustion property of NEPE propellant with CL-20. Chin J Energ Mater. 2007;15:324–8.Google Scholar
- 15.Zhang TL, Hu RZ, Li FP. Preparation and structure characterization of metal salts of 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one. Chin J Energ Mater. 1993;1(4):1–11.Google Scholar
- 16.Beach NE, Canfield VK. Compatibility of explosives with polymers (III). Plastic Rep. 1971;40:73–6.Google Scholar
- 17.GJB772A-97 501.2. Stability and compatibility VST [S].Google Scholar
- 19.Ren XN, Wang JN, Yin CM, et al. Research on thermal decomposition characteristics of the new-style high energy density material DNTF. In: The 2005 seminar on explosives and propellants, Changsha. No. 5. 2005.Google Scholar
- 20.Kuchenreuther-Hummel V, Rozincsak L, Neutz J. Thermogravimetric study on the reaction of magnesium and aluminum in nitrogen. In: 46th international annual conference of Fraunhofer ICT, June 24–26, 2015 Fraunhofer ICT, 76327 Pfinztal, Germany.Google Scholar