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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 128, Issue 1, pp 61–69 | Cite as

Thermal transformations up to 1200 °C of Al-pillared montmorillonite precursors prepared by different OH–Al polymers

  • J. M. Martinez
  • C. Volzone
  • L. B. Garrido
Article

Abstract

Aluminum-pillared montmorillonites are useful materials for their application as catalysts, adsorbents and ceramic composites. The precursor is a pillared montmorillonite that is not thermally stabilized. The precursor preparation methods, textural properties and catalytic activity have been extensively investigated, but comparatively, studies concerning their thermal transformations at high temperature are limited. In this work, precursors were prepared using two types of montmorillonites, Cheto (Ch) and Wyoming (W), and using two different OH–Al polymer sources: hydrolyzed (H) and commercial (C) solutions. Structural and thermal transformations of the precursors with heating up to 1200 °C were determined by X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis. Thermal analysis of these precursors below 600 °C revealed the influence of OH–Al polymers from the two solutions. The major phases developed at 1200 °C from the original montmorillonites were mullite for W and cordierite for Ch. The content of these phases depended on the aluminum in the octahedral sheet of the pristine montmorillonites. Amorphous phase, cristobalite, spinel, sapphirine and others phases were also found. The intercalation of OH–Al polymers in montmorillonites caused an increase in amorphous content after treatment at 1030 °C; however, it favored mullite development above 1100 °C. Although total aluminum content of both W and Ch precursors was similar, the transformation to mullite was directly related to the octahedral aluminum/magnesium ratio. The phase composition of the products at 1200 °C was not dependent on the type of intercalated OH–Al polymers. The increase in mullite content of the thermally treated precursors contributes to its possible application as advanced ceramic products.

Keywords

Montmorillonite Aluminum OH–Al polymers Structural and thermal behavior 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank to CONICET and MINCYT for financial supports.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CETMIC -Centro de Tecnología de Recursos Minerales y Cerámica- (CCT CONICET-La Plata; CICPBA)Buenos AiresArgentina

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