The application of high-temperature X-ray diffraction and infrared emission spectroscopy to the thermal decomposition of kröhnkite

Abstract

High-temperature X-ray diffraction and infrared emission spectroscopy have been applied to measure the thermal stability of the sulphate mineral kröhnkite Na2Cu(SO4)2·2H2O. Kröhnkite shows a low thermal stability. The mineral decomposes into a complex mixture of sulphates below 500 °C and sulphides below 650 °C, before melting. Broad emission infrared bands at 3350 and 3105 cm−1 are assigned to the stretching vibration of the water units. The intensity of these two bands decreases as the temperature is raised. The intensity of these bands is lost by 250 °C. The sharp IES band at 992 cm−1 is assigned to the ν1 SO4 2− symmetric stretching vibration. Intensity in this band is lost by 200 °C. New IES bands are noted. The important aspect of this work is the use of high-temperature X-ray diffraction to determine the thermal decomposition of a mineral, in this case kröhnkite.

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Acknowledgements

The financial and infrastructure support of the Queensland University of Technology, School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical Engineering, is gratefully acknowledged. The Australian Research Council (ARC) is thanked for funding the instrumentation. R. Scholz thanks to PROPP/UFOP Project 02/2015 and to FAPEMIG—Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (Grant No. APQ-01619-13).

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Correspondence to Ray L. Frost.

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Testasicca, L.P., Frost, R.L., Ruan, X. et al. The application of high-temperature X-ray diffraction and infrared emission spectroscopy to the thermal decomposition of kröhnkite. J Therm Anal Calorim 126, 1089–1095 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-016-5644-y

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Keywords

  • Kröhnkite
  • High-temperature XRD
  • HTXRD
  • Infrared emission spectroscopy
  • Sulphate
  • Thermal stability