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Enhancing the flame-retardant performance of wood-based materials using carbon-based materials

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Abstract

We sought to improve the flame-retardant performance of wood-based materials through the development of a coating material using carbon-based materials. The coating materials were applied to the surfaces of wood-based materials used for interior materials and furniture. We measured fire characteristics of the coated wood-based materials using a cone calorimeter. The coating materials were prepared by the mixing of carbon materials, such as natural graphite, expandable graphite, and exfoliated graphite nanoplatelets, in water-based coating materials. TG analysis revealed that water-based coating materials/carbon material-blended composites had good thermal durability in the working temperature ranges. The flame-retardant performance was confirmed through cone calorimeter experiments, and the result of the experiment satisfied the standard for flame-retardant performance in ISO 5600-1.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Human Resources Development program (No. 20144030200600) of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korea government Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy. This work was supported by the Soongsil University Research Fund of 2013.

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Correspondence to Sumin Kim.

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Seo, H.J., Kim, S., Huh, W. et al. Enhancing the flame-retardant performance of wood-based materials using carbon-based materials. J Therm Anal Calorim 123, 1935–1942 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-015-4553-9

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Keywords

  • Flame retardant
  • Wood-based materials
  • Thermogravimetric (TG) analysis
  • Exfoliated graphite nanoplatelets (xGnP)
  • Cone calorimeter