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New collagen-based cryogel as bio-sorbent materials for Rhodamine B removal from aqueous environments

Abstract

New collagen-based cryogel, isinglass-graphene oxide (IG-GO), was prepared through a simple method. The obtained cryogel was used for rhodamine B (RhB) removal from aqueous environment. The effects of various experimental parameters on the adsorption process, such as pH, contact time, initial dye concentration, adsorbent dosage, and system temperature, were studied. Furthermore, the adsorption isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamics were investigated. The IG-GO cryogel was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and nitrogen adsorption/desorption Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method. The zetta potential results showed that the prepared cryogel possesses a negative charge which make it an appropriate choice for cationic dyes removal. The maximum sorption capacities of the samples were 120 mg/g. The experimental adsorption data are all fitted well with the pseudo-first-order model and Langmuir isotherm. Thermodynamic studies suggest that the adsorption of RhB is highly endothermic in nature. More importantly, the IG-GO cryogel still maintains a relatively high adsorption capacity after five cycles.

Graphical abstract

Highlights

  • The IG-GO cryogel shows a maximum adsorption capacity of 120 mg/g towards RhB.

  • The reusability of the IG-GO was also evaluated and it was found that the removal efficiency of RhB decreases from 98 to 82% after fifth regeneration.

  • The change in the adsorption behavior was studied through kinetic and isotherm studies.

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Author contributions

All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection, and analysis were performed by SA, ME, and SJ. The first draft of the manuscript was written by SA and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Funding

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. The authors declare that no funds, grants, or other support were received during the preparation of this manuscript.

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Correspondence to Shahrzad Javanshir.

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Azadi, S., Esmkhani, M. & Javanshir, S. New collagen-based cryogel as bio-sorbent materials for Rhodamine B removal from aqueous environments. J Sol-Gel Sci Technol (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10971-022-05839-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10971-022-05839-4

Keywords

  • Rhodamine B
  • bio-sorbent
  • Environmental remediation
  • Collagen-based cryogel
  • Isinglass
  • Graphene oxide