This work reports the preparation of bacterial cellulose (BC) membranes with self-cleaning properties. SiO2@TiO2 (anatase) spherical nanocomposites (around 50 nm in diameter) were prepared by sol–gel process and were successfully immobilized into the BC membrane, in wet and dry states, by post-grafting method, following two different methodologies: dip-coating and spin-coating. Characterization techniques included Raman scattering, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopies (EDS), thermogravimetric analyses (TGA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The photocatalytic activity was higher in the BC membrane in the wet state, presenting a good self-cleaning performance (fast methyl violet 2B dye decomposition in 30 min). The functional BC membranes with self-cleaning properties also presented high resistance to washing, high chemical stability, and the original features (color and texture) were maintained.
Development of novel functional bacterial cellulose membranes with self-cleaning properties.
Decomposition of methyl violet 2B dye in solution through a photocatalytic process.
High resistance to washing (self-cleaning performance).
Original features of the membranes (color and texture) maintained.
Significant reduction of cleaning actions, allowing a reduction in costs and greater durability of the bacterial cellulose membrane.
Environmentally friendly cellulose membrane.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly.
Please try refreshing the page. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem.
Pecorano E, Manzani D, Messadeq Y, Ribeiro S J L (2008) In: Belgacem M N, Gandini A (ed) Monomers, polymers and composites from renewable resources, 1st edn. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlans.
Jozala AF, de Lencastre-Novales LC, Lopes AM, de Carvalho Santos-Ebinuma V, Mazzola PG, Pessoa-Jr A, Grotto D, Gerenutti M, Chaud MV (2016) Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 100:2063
Barud HS, Caiut JMA, Dexpert-Ghys J, Messaddeq Y, Ribeiro SJL (2012) Compos A 43:973
Maeda H, Nakajima M, Hagiwara T, Sawaguchi T, Yano S (2006) J Mater Sci 41:5646
Barud HS, Assunção RMN, Martines MAU, Dexpert-Ghys J, Marques RFC, Messaddeq Y, Ribeiro SJL (2008) J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 46:363
Barud HS, Barrios C, Regiani T, Marques RFC, Verelst M, Dexpert-Ghyo J, Messaddeq Y, Ribeiro SJL (2008) Mat Sci Eng C 28:515
Nishi Y, Uryu M, Yamanaka S, Watanabe K, Kitamura N, Iguchi M, Mitsuhashi S (1990) Mater Sci 25:2997
Legnani C, Legnani C, Vilani C, Calil VL, Barud HS, Quirino WG, Achete CA, Ribeiro SJL, Cremosa M (2008) Thin Sol Films 517:1016
Yano Y, Sugiyama J, Nakagaito AN, Nogi M, Matsuura T, Hikita M, Handa K (2005) Adv Mater 17:153
Barud HS, Souza JL, Santos DB, Crespi MS, Ribeiro CAJ, Messaddeq Y, Ribeiro SJL (2011) Carbohydr Polym 83:1279
Khalid A, Ullah H, Ul-Islam M, Khan R, Khan S, Ahmad F, Khan T, Wahid F (2017) RSC Adv 7:47662
Ullah S, Ferreira-Neto EP, Pasa AA, Alcântara CCJ, Acuña JJS, Bilmes SA, Ricci MLM, Landers R, Fermino TZ, Rodrigues-Filho UP (2015) Appl Catal B 179:333
Pinto ERP, Barud HS, Silva RR, Palmieri M, Polito WL, Calil VL, Cremosa M, Ribeiro SJL, Messaddeq Y (2015) J Mater Chem C 3:11581
Fujishima A, Zhang X, Tryk D (2008) Surf Sci Rep 63:515
Augustynski J (1993) Electrochim Acta 38:43
Mandzy N, Grulke E, Druffel T (2005) Powder Technol 160:121
Hanaor DAH, Assadi MHN, Li S, Yu AB, Sorrell CC (2012) Comput Mech 50:185
Raj K, Viswanathan B (2009) Indian J Chem 48:1378
Hirano M, Joji T, Inagaki M, Wata H (2004) J Am Ceram Soc 87:35
Hirano M, Nakahara C, Ota K, Tainaike O, Inagaki M (2003) J Solid State Chem 170:39
Herrmann J (1999) Catal Today 53:115
Hirano M, Ota K, Iwata H (2004) Chem Mater 16:3725
Banerjee S, Gopal J, Muraleedharan P, Tyagi A, Raj B (2006) Curr Sci 90:1383
Diebold U (2003) Surf Sci Rep 48:53
Barringer EA, Bowen HK (1982) J Am Ceram Soc 65:199
Hirano M, Nakahara C, Ota K, Inagaki M (2002) J Am Ceram Soc 85:1333
Ding XZ, Liu XH (1996) J Mater Sci Lett 15:1789
Son S, Hwang SH, Kim C, Yun JY, Jang J (2013) ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 5:4815
Hanprasopwattana A, Srinivasan S, Sault AG, Datye AK (1997) Catal Lett 45:165
Iler R (1978) The chemistry of silica. Wiley-Interscience, New York
Fink A, Stöber W, Bohnn E (1968) J Colloid Interface Sci 26:62
Periyat P, Baiju K, Mukundan P, Pillai P, Warrier KGK (2008) Appl Catal A Gen 349:13
Cheng P, Zheng M, Jin Y, Huang Q, Gu M (2003) Matter Lett 57:2989
Friesen D, Morello L, Headley JV, Lanford CH (2000) Photochem Photobiol A Chem 133:213
Qi K, Chen X, Liu Y, Xin JH, Mak CL, Daoud A (2007) J Mater Chem 17:3504
Kobler J, Möller K, Bein T (2008) ACS Nano 2:791
Möller K, Kobler J, Bein T (2007) Adv Funct Mater 17:605
Möller K, Kobler J, Bein T (2007) J Mater Chem 17:624
Socrates G (2004) Infrared and Raman characteristic group frequencies: tables and charts. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK
Barud HS, Regiani T, Marques RFC, Lustri WR, Messaddeq Y, Ribeiro SJL (2011) J Nanomater 2011:10
Juma AO, Acik IO, Mikli V, Mere A, Krunks M (2015) Thin Solid Films 594:287
Larson I, Drummond CJ, Chan DYC, Grieser F (1993) J Am Chem Soc 115:11885
Subramaniam K, Yiacoumi S, Tsouri C (2000) Colloids Surf A 177:133
Papp J, Soled S, Dwight K, Wold A (1994) Chem Mater 6:496
This work has been financially supported by Fundação de Amparo à pesquisa do estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), through project 2015/12908-2. ASM is thankful to FAPESP for a grant. The authors thank André Tobello Foundation for effering the strain Gluconacetobacter xylinum (ATCC23760) LNNano-CNPEM (Campinas, Brazil) for the use of the JEOL-JEM 2100 F STEM microscope and Dr. Sajjad Ullah for help in XRFA measurements.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
About this article
Cite this article
Monteiro, A.S., Domeneguetti, R.R., Wong Chi Man, M. et al. Bacterial cellulose–SiO2@TiO2 organic–inorganic hybrid membranes with self-cleaning properties. J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 89, 2–11 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10971-018-4744-5
- Functional bacterial cellulose membrane
- SiO2@TiO2 (anatase) nanocomposites
- Photocatalytic activity
- Self-cleaning properties