We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly.

Please try refreshing the page. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem.

Measurement and covariance analysis of 140Ce(n,2n)139Ce and 142Ce(n,2n)141Ce reactions with the neutron energy of 13.5 MeV | SpringerLink

Measurement and covariance analysis of 140Ce(n,2n)139Ce and 142Ce(n,2n)141Ce reactions with the neutron energy of 13.5 MeV

Abstract

The (n,2n) reaction cross sections of cerium isotopes have been experimentally measured at the neutron energy of 13.50 ± 0.15 MeV by using the method of activation and off-line γ-ray spectroscopy. The neutron energy was obtained from the D-T reaction using the Purnima Neutron Generator at BARC. The natCe sample was irradiated along with the gold and indium monitor foils. The cross sections of 140Ce(n,2n)139Ce and 142Ce(n,2n)141Ce reactions were measured by using both the gold and indium as a monitor and then collapsed to get the best values of reactions cross sections. The uncertainties in the measured cross sections of 140Ce(n,2n)139Ce and 142Ce(n,2n)141Ce reactions were determined using covariance analysis by considering uncertainties in various attributes. The measured values from the present work were compared with the literature data based on EXFOR compilation, evaluated data from different libraries and theoretically calculated values from TALYS-1.95 and EMPIRE-3.2.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. 1.

    Uwamino Y, Sugita H, Kondo Y, Nakamura T (1992) Measurement of neutron activation cross sections of energy up to 40 MeV using semi-monoenergetic p-Be neutrons. Nucl Sci Eng 111:391–403

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Luo J, An L, Jiang L (2015) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 305:691–700

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Audi G, Bersillon O, Blachot J, Wapstra AH (2003) The NUBASE evaluation of nuclear and decay properties. Nucl Phys A Atomic Mass Data Cent 729:3–128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2003.11.001

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Cameron AGW (1973) Abundance of the elements in the solar system (PDF). Space Sci Rev 15:121–146. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00172440

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Los Alamos National Laboratory, Periodic table of elements. http://periodic.lanl.gov/list.shtml. Accessed 2 June 2020

  6. 6.

    Filatenkov AA (2016) Neutron activation cross sections measured at KRI in the neutron energy region 13.4–14.9 MeV. INDC(CCP)-0460

  7. 7.

    Zhu C, Chen Y, Mou Y, Zheng P, He T, Wang X, An L, Guo H (2011) Measurements of (n,2n) reaction cross sections at 14 MeV for several nuclei. Nucl Sci Eng 169:188

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Kasugai Y, Ikeda Y, Uno Y (1997) Activation cross section measurements for La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Gd, Dy and Er isotopes by 14 MeV neutrons. Conf 97TRIEST 1:635

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Kong X, Wang Y, Yang J, Yuan J (1995) Recent progress on 14 MeV neutron activation cross section measurements. Commun Nucl Data Prog 14:5

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Teng D, Zhao W, Fan P, Lu H (1985) Cerium cross section between 12 to 18 MeV. Chin Nucl Phys 7(4):307–312

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Bormann M, Behrend A, Riehle I, Vogel O (1968) Measurement of (n,2n) excitation functions. Nucl Phys A 115:309–320

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Otuka N, Dupont E, Semkova V, Pritychenko B, Blokhin AI, Aikawa M, Babykina S, Bossant M, Chen G, Dunaeva S, Forrest RA (2014) Nucl Data Sheets 120:272–276

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Shivashankar BS, Ganesan S, Naik H, Suryanarayana SV, Nair NS, Prasad KM (2015) Nucl Sci Eng 179:423–433

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Yerraguntla SS, Naik H, Karantha MP, Ganesan S, Suryanarayana SV, Badwar S (2017) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 314:457–465

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Karkera M, Naik H, Punchithaya S, Prasad M, Yeraguntla SS, Suryanarayana SV, Ganesan S, Vansola V, Makhwana R (2018) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 318:1893–1900

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Karkera M, Yeraguntla SS, Punchithaya S, Suryanarayana SV, Prasad M, Naik H, Ganesan S, Dhanu LS, Kuamr R, Kapil D, Devesh R, Tarun P, Saroj B, Umasankari K (2019) Measurement and covariance analysis of 232Th(n,2n)231Th reaction cross section. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 322:817–825. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-019-06722-3

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Pasha I, Basavanna R, Yerranguntla SS, Suryanarayana SV, Naik H, Midhun CV, Tarun P (2020) Measurement of 14.54 MeV neutron induced reaction cross sections of Cr and Mn with covariance analysis. Radiochim Acta 20193189, eISSN 2193-3405, ISSN0033-8230. https://doi.org/10.1515/ract-2019-3189

  18. 18.

    Koning AJ, Hilaire S, Goriely S (2019) TALYS-1.95, a nuclear reaction program (NRG-1755 ZG Petten, The Netherlands). https://www.talys.eu/download-talys/. Accessed 2 June 2020

  19. 19.

    Herman M, Oblozinsky P, Capote R, Sin M, Trkov A, Ventura A, Zerkin V (2005) EMPIRE-II, nuclear reaction model code 3.2, nuclear data section. IAEA, Vienna. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1945219

    Book  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Sinha A, Roy T, Ray YKN, Shukla M, Patel T, Bajpai S, Sarkar PS, Bishnoi S (2015) Experimental subcritical facility driven by D-D/D-T neutron generator at BARC, India. Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res B 350:66–70

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Pasha I, Basavanna R, Yerranguntla SS, Suryanarayana SV, Naik H, Karkera M, Radha E, Pandikumar G, Sunitha AM, Sachhidananda HB (2019) Measurement of 67Zn(n, p)67Cu, 64Zn(n,2n)63Zn, 89Y(n, γ)90mY and 89Y(n,2n)88Y reaction cross sections at the neutron energy of 14.54 MeV with covariance analysis. J Radioanal Nucl Chem. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-019-06883-1

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Nudat 2.7 (2016) National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory. https://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nudat2. Accessed 2 June 2020

  23. 23.

    Martin MJ (2013) Nuclear data sheets for A = 152*. Nucl Data Sheets 114:1497–1847

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Vidmar T (2005) EFFTRAN-A Monto Carlo efficiency transfer code for gamma ray spectroscopy. Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res A 550:603–608

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Geraldo LP, Smith DL (1990) Covariance analysis and fitting of germanium gamma ray detector efficiency calibration data. Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res A290:499–508

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Pasha I, Rudraswamy B, Radha E, Sathiamoorthy V (2018) Efficiency of high-purity germanium detector at characteristic gamma energies of 198Au and 58Co and covariance analysis. Radiat Prot Environ 41:110–114

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Geraldo LP, Smith DL (1989) least square methods and covariance matrix applied to the relative efficiency calibration of a Ge (Li) detector. Inst de Pesquisas Energeticase Nucleares 243:1–16

    Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Tsoulfanidis N, Landsberger S (2015) Measurement and detection of radiation. CRC Press, Boca Raton

    Book  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Millsap DW, Landsberger S (2015) self-attenuation as a function of gamma ray energy in naturally occurring radioactive material in the oil and gas industry. Appl Radiat Isot 97:21–23

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Nowotny R (1998) XMuDat: photon attenuation data on PC. IAEA Report IAEA-NDS 195. https://www-nds.iaea.org/publications/iaea-nds. Accessed 2 June 2020

  31. 31.

    Chadwick MB, Oblozinsky P, Herman M, Greene NM, McKnight RDL, Kahler AC (2006) ENDF/B-VIII.0: next generation evaluated nuclear data library for nuclear science and technology. Nucl Data Sheets 107(12):2931–3060

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Yerraguntla SS, Naik H, Karantha MP, Ganesan S, Suryanarayana SV, Badwar S (2017) Measurement of 59Co(n, γ)60Co reaction cross section at the effective neutron energies of 11.98 and 15.75 MeV. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 314(1):457–465

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    Arras KO (1998) An introduction to error propagation: derivation, meaning and examples of equation Cy = FxCxFt. ETH Zurich. Technical report-EPFL-ASL-TR-98-01 R3. https://www.research-collection.ethz.ch/handle/20.500.11850/82620/. Accessed 2 June 2020

  34. 34.

    Santhi Sheela Y, Naik H, Prasad KM, Ganesan S, Suryanarayana SV (2017) Detailed data sets related to covariance analysis of the measurement of cross section of 59Co(n,γ)60Co reaction relative to the cross section of 115In(n,γ)116mIn. Internal report, No.MU/STASTICS/DAE-BRNS/2017/3, 31 May 2017. https://doi.org/10.13140/rg.2.2.26729.49764

  35. 35.

    ENDF/B-VIII.O (2011) Evaluated nuclear data file (ENDF), database version of Dec 22 (USA, 2011). https://www-nds.iaea.org/exfor/servlet/E4sMakeE4. Accessed 2 June 2020

  36. 36.

    An International Collaboration of NEA Data Bank Participating Countries (2017) The Joint Evaluated Fission and Fusion File (JEFF) https://www.oecd-nea.org/ndata/jeff/. Accessed 2 June 2020

  37. 37.

    BROND 3.1 (2011) Evaluated nuclear data file (ENDF), database version of Dec 22 (2011). https://www-nds.iaea.org/exfor/servlet/E4sSearch2. Accessed 2 June 2020

  38. 38.

    ROSFOND (2010) Evaluated nuclear data file (ENDF), database version of Dec 22 (2011). https://www-nds.iaea.org/exfor/servlet/E4sSearch2. Accessed 2 June 2020

  39. 39.

    CENDL-3.1 (2009) Evaluated nuclear data file (ENDF), database version of Dec 22(2011). https://www-nds.iaea.org/exfor/servlet/E4sSearch2. Accessed 2 June 2020

  40. 40.

    JENDL/AD (2017) Evaluated nuclear data file (ENDF), database version of Dec 22 (2011). https://www-nds.iaea.org/exfor/servlet/E4sSearch2. Accessed 2 June 2020

  41. 41.

    Koning AJ, Rochman D, van der Marck SC, Kopecky J, Sublet JC, Fleming M, Bauge E, Hilaire S, Romain P, Morillon B, Duarte H, van der Marck SC, Pomp S, Sjostrand H, Forrest R, Henriksson H, Cabellos O, Goriely S, Leppanen J, Leeb H, Plompen A, Mills R (2017) TENDL-2017: TALYS-based evaluated nuclear data library. https://tendl.web.psi.ch/tendl_2017/tendl2017.html. Accessed 2 June 2020

Download references

Acknowledgements

One of the author, Sachhidananda,would like to thank the Department of Atomic Energy and Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences(Sanction No. 36(6)/14/92/2014-BRNS/2727) and the staff of Purnima Neutron Generator facility for their support to carryout the neutron irradiation experiment.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to S. R. Manohara.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sachhidananda, H.B., Manohara, S.R., Sunitha, A.M. et al. Measurement and covariance analysis of 140Ce(n,2n)139Ce and 142Ce(n,2n)141Ce reactions with the neutron energy of 13.5 MeV. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 325, 885–892 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-020-07292-5

Download citation

Keywords

  • 140Ce(n,2n)139Ce and 142Ce(n,2n)141Ce reactions
  • Cross section
  • Activation method
  • Off-line γ-ray spectroscopy
  • 3H(d,n)4He reaction neutron
  • Co-variance analysis
  • TALYS-1.95
  • EMPIRE-3.2