Monte Carlo simulations and forecasting of Radium-226, Thorium-232, and Potassium-40 radioactivity concentrations


This study depicts the radioactivity time series levels of 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K prospectively by Monte Carlo simulations (MCSs). Three ARIMA stationary stochastic processes are used with measurement records statistical parameter conservation. The MCSs by means of the ARIMA stochastic processes, the statistical characteristics of the radionuclide data are determined and the future simulation forecasts are made for different periods (time between two measurements, i.e. 1 week). Future concentrations of radionuclides with MCS are estimated for the first time. The results obtained on the transport, control and management of radionuclides can also reach similar gains for other different materials.

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This work was carried out using the Gamma Spectrometer Laboratory at Advanced Technologies Application and Research Center, Kirklareli University, Kirklareli, Turkey. We would like to thank Prof. Zsolt Révay for his positive scientific approach and management from the first presentation of this research to the final stage. On the other hand, both anonymous referees contributed a lot to the development of this article. We would like also to thank them for their scientific comments.

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Correspondence to Fatih Külahcı.

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Külahcı, F., Aközcan, S. & Günay, O. Monte Carlo simulations and forecasting of Radium-226, Thorium-232, and Potassium-40 radioactivity concentrations. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 324, 55–70 (2020).

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  • Monte Carlo
  • Hypothesis test
  • Forecasting
  • Prediction
  • Model