Th(IV) adsorption onto titanium tetrachloride modified sodium bentonite

Abstract

Ti(OH)4 and TiCl4 modified bentonite (Ti–Na-bent) were applied in the removal of Th(IV) from aqueous solution. Effect of different factors such as pH, contact time, temperature, initial concentration of Th(IV) and efficiency of them for thorium adsorption are investigated. Ti–Na-bent showed high adsorption capacity (qm = 231.37 mg/g) and quick adsorption kinetics at lower pH. The adsorption mechanisms involved are: (1) Th4+, [Th(OH)4−n]n+ complexed on the outer-sphere of Na-bent and Ti–Na-bent. (2) Ion exchange between Th4+, [Th(OH)4−n]n+ and exchangeable cations of Na-bent and the H on the hydroxyl group of Ti(OH)4. Ti–Na-bent manifested high adsorption capacity for Th(IV), good acid resistance and long-term adsorption stability.

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Acknowledgements

The authors thank the International Scientific and Technological Cooperation Projects (2015DFR61020), Jiangxi Province Key Research and Development Project (No: 171505). Science and Technology Project of Jiangxi Provincial Department of Education (GJJ14468).

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Correspondence to Quan Shui Chen.

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Xiong, X.H., Yuan, Y.H., Huang, B. et al. Th(IV) adsorption onto titanium tetrachloride modified sodium bentonite. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 319, 805–815 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-018-6377-0

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Keywords

  • Sodium bentonite
  • Ti(OH)4
  • Th(IV)
  • Adsorption