Measurement of excitation functions of natTa(p,x) reactions up to 44.2 MeV

Abstract

We measured the excitation functions of natTa(p,x)177,178W, natTa(p,x)176,177,178m1,180gTa, and natTa(p,x)175,179m2,180mHf reactions up to the proton energy of 44.2 MeV using the stacked-foil activation technique. The measured results were compared with the literature data as well as with the theoretical values obtained from the TENDL-2017 library based on the TALYS-1.9 code. The integral yields for thick target of the investigated radionuclides were determined from the measured excitation functions. The purpose was to provide a new data set for the formation of the investigated radionuclides applicable in medicine and industry and to provide information that could support in testing and understanding the nuclear reaction theories.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11

References

  1. 1.

    Tel E, Ugur FA, Gokce AA (2013) J Fusion Energ 32:304

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Broeders CHM, Konobeyev AY (2005) Nucl Instr Methods 234:387

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Cyclotron Produced Radionuclides: Operation and Maintenance of Gas and Liquid Targets (2012) Vienna, IAEA Radioisotopes and Radiopharmaceuticals Series No. 4

  4. 4.

    Uddin MS, Baba M, Hagiwara M (2003) CYRIC Annu Rep 2003:55

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Annex 3 of the IAEA’s OMV Plan (1991) S/22872/Rev.1 a

  6. 6.

    Rao CL, Yaffe L (1963) Can J Chem 41:2516

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Titarenko YuE, Batyaev VF, Titarenko AYu, Butko MA, Pavlov KV, Florya SN, Tikhonov RS, Zhivun VM, Ignatyuk AV, Mashnik SG, Leray S, Boudard A, Cugnon J, Mancusi D, Yariv Y, Nishihara K, Matsuda N, Kumawat H, Mank G, Gudowski W (2011) Phys Atom Nucl 74:551 and Titarenko YuE, Pavlov KV, Rogov VI, Titarenko AYu, Yuldashev SN, Zhivun VM (2014) SCK-CEN 302

  8. 8.

    Birattari C, Gadioli E, Grassi Strini AM, Strini G, Tagliaferri G, Zetta L (1971) Nucl Phys A l66:605 and Birattari C, Gadioli E, Grassi Strini AM, Strini G, Tagliaferri G (1973) Lett Nuovo Cimento 3:101

  9. 9.

    Zaytseva NG, Rurarz E, Khalkin VA, Stegailov VI, Popinenkova LM (1994) Radiochim Acta 64:1

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Uddin MS, Hagiwara M, Kawata N, Itoga T, Hirabayashi N, Baba M, Tarkanyi F, Ditroi F, Csikai J (2004) J Nucl Sci Technol 4:160

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Cohen BL, Newman E, Charpie RA, Handley TH (1954) Phys Rev 94:620

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Haasbroek FJ, Steyn J, Neirinckx RD, Burdzik GF, Cogneau M, Wanet P (1977) Appl Radiat Isot 28:533

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Abe K, Iizuka A, Hasegawa A, Morozumi S (1984) J Nucl Mater 123:972

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Ziegler MJF (2004) Nucl Instr Meth B 219-220:1027. http://www.srim.org/

  15. 15.

    Qaim SM, Tárkányi F, Obloẑinskỳ P, Gul K, Hermanne A, Mustafa MG, Nortier FM, Scholten B, Shubin Yu, Takács S, Zhuang Y (2001) Vienna, IAEA-TECDOC-1211 http://www-nds.iaea.org/medical/

  16. 16.

    Shahid M, Kim K, Naik H, Kim GN (2014) Nucl Instrum Methods B 322:13

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Shahid M, Kim K, Naik H, Zaman M, Kim GN, Yang SC, Song TY (2015) Nucl Instrum Methods B 342:158

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Shahid M, Kim K, Naik H, Zaman M, Yang SC, Kim GN (2015) Nucl Instrum Methods Phys B 342:305

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Shahid M, Kim K, Kim GN, Zaman M, Nadeem M (2015) Nucl Instrum Methods Phys B 358:160

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Shahid M, Kim K, Kim GN, Naik H, Zaman M, Nadeem M, Tatai M, Guin R, Das SK (2015) J Korean Phys Soc 67:1474

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, NuDat 2 database http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nudat2/

  22. 22.

    Wang M, Audi G, Wapstra AH, Kondev FG, MacCormick M, Xu X, Pfeiffer B (2012) Chin Phys C 36:1603

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Q-value Calculator http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/qcalc/

  24. 24.

    National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, EXFOR database https://www-nds.iaea.org/exfor/exfor.htm. Version of October 25, 2016

  25. 25.

    Koning AJ, Rochman D, Marck SC van der, Kopecky J, Sublet J Ch, Pomp S, Sjostrand H, Forrest R, Bauge E, Henriksson H, Cabellos O, Goriely S, Leppanen J, Leeb H, Plompen A, Mills R TENDL-2017: TALYS-based evaluated nuclear data library, Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group (NRG), Petten

  26. 26.

    Koning AJ, Hilaire S, Duijvestijn MC (2008) TALYS-1.0 (6). In: Bersillon O, Gunsing F, Bauge E, Jacqmin R, Leray S (eds) Proceedings of the international conference on nuclear data for science and technology, EDP Science, Nice, pp 211–214 http://www.talys.eu

  27. 27.

    Qaim SM, Tárkányi F, Obloẑinskỳ P, Gul K, Hermanne A, Mustafa MG, Nortier FM, Scholten B, Shubin Yu, Takács S, Zhuang Y (2001) Charged particle cross- section database for medical radioisotope production: diagnostic radioisotopes and monitor reactions. IAEA-TECDOC-1211, Vienna. https://www-nds.iaea.org/medical/definitions.pdf

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the staff of the MC-50 Cyclotron Laboratory in the Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), for their excellent operation and support during the experiment. This research was partly supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) through a grant provided by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (NRF-2017R1D1A1B03030484) and by the National R&D Program through the Dong-nam Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (DIRAMS) (50496-2018).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Guinyun Kim.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Shahid, M., Kim, K., Kim, G. et al. Measurement of excitation functions of natTa(p,x) reactions up to 44.2 MeV. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 318, 1863–1872 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-018-6169-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • natTa(p,x) reactions
  • MC-50 cyclotron
  • Stacked-foil activation technique
  • Excitation function
  • Off-line γ-ray spectrometry