Advertisement

Effect of irradiation on the cryogenic mechanical characteristics of polyurethane foam

  • Tae-Wook Kim
  • Seul-Kee Kim
  • Sungkyun Park
  • Kang Hyun Park
  • Jae-Myung Lee
Article
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

The present study investigated thermal and mechanical characteristics of irradiated polyurethane foams (PUFs) according to the irradiation does under various temperature conditions, including low/cryogenic temperatures. Fourier transform infrared analysis was performed to obtain information on the PUF molecular structure. In addition, Macro- and microstructural investigations were carried out to determine the relationship between thermal and mechanical characteristics and irradiation dose. The test results were quantitatively presented, and it was found that the irradiated PUF has potential for application in industrial structures.

Keywords

Irradiation Irradiation dose Polyurethane foam Compressive behavior Fourier transform infrared analysis Thermal conductivity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) through GCRC-SOP(No. 2011-0030013). This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT, Korea) (No. 2017M2B2A4049931). This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT, Korea) (No. 2018R1A2B6007403).

References

  1. 1.
    Charlesby A (1960) Atomic radiation and polymers. International Series of Monographs on Radiation Effects in Materials. Pergamon, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Makuuchi K, Cheng S (2012) Radiation processing of polymer materials and its industrial applications. Wiley, HobokenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Aglan H, Calhoun M, Allie L (2008) Effect of UV and hygrothermal aging on the mechanical performance of polyurethane elastomers. J Appl Polym Sci 108:558–564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ludwick A, Aglan H, Abdalla MO, Calhoun M (2008) Degradation behavior of an ultraviolet and hygrothermally aged polyurethane elastomer: fourier transform infrared and differential scanning calorimetry studies. J Appl Polym Sci 110:712–718CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Scaffaro R, Dintcheva NT, Mantia FPL (2008) A new equipment to measure the combined effects of humidity, temperature, mechanical stress and UV exposure on the creep behaviour of polymers. Polym Test 27(1):49–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rek V, Bravar M (1983) Ultraviolet degradation of polyester-based polyurethane. J Elastomers Plast 15:33–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Boubakri A, Guermazi N, Elleuch K, Ayedi HF (2010) Study of UV-aging of thermoplastic polyurethane material. Mater Sci Eng A 527:1649–1654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wei H, Xiong J, Chen X, Gao X, Xu Y, Fu Y (2007) Study on the radiation degradation of polyether-polyurethane induced by electron beam. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 274(3):525–530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Claude B, Gonon L, Duchet J, Verney V, Gardette JL (2004) Surface cross-linking of polycarbonate under irradiation at long wavelengths. Polym Degrad Stab 83:237–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rosu L, Cascaval CN, Ciobanu C, Rosu D, Ion ED, Morosanu C, Enachescu M (2005) Effect of UV radiation on the semi-interpenetrating polymer networks based on polyurethane and epoxy maleate of bisphenol A. J Photochem Photobiol, A 169:177–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Woo RSC, Chen Y, Zhu H, Li J, Kim JK, Leung CKY (2007) Environmental degradation of epoxy–organoclay nanocomposites due to UV exposure. Part I: photo-degradation. Compos Sci Technol 67:3448–3456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ulrich H (1981) Recent advances in isocyanurate technology. J Cell Plast 17(1):31–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Choi SW, Roh JU, Kim MS, Lee WI (2011) Thermal analysis of two main CCS (Cargo Containment System) insulation box by using experimental thermal properties. J Comput Struct Eng Inst Korea 24(4):429–438Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sui H, Liu X, Zhong F, Li X, Wang B, Ju X (2014) Relationship between free volume and mechanical properties of polyurethane irradiated by gamma rays. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 300(2):701–706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shintani H, Kikuchi H, Nakamura A (1991) Effects of gamma-ray irradiation on the change of characteristics of polyurethane. Polym Degrad Stab 32:17–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Adem E, Angulo-Cervera E, González-Jiménez A, Valentín JL, Marcos-Fernández A (2015) Effect of dose and temperature on the physical properties of an aliphatic thermoplastic polyurethane irradiated with an electron beam. Radiat Phys Chem 112:61–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mane JV, Chandra S, Sharma S, Ali H, Chavan VM, Manjunath BS, Patel RJ (2017) Mechanical property evaluation of polyurethane foam under quasi-static and dynamic strain rates—an experimental study. Procedia Eng 173:726–731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rus AZM, Hassan NNM (2015) Thermal degradation and damping characteristic of UV irradiated biopolymer. Int J Polym Sci 2015(4):1–11Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Joanna L, Boguslaw C, Joanna PS, Moraczewski K (2015) The effect of UV radiation on the properties of rigid PUR-PIR foam. Adv Polym Technol 36(4):1–8Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tseng CJ, Yamaguchi M, Ohmori T (1997) Thermal conductivity of polyurethane foams from room temperature to 20K. Cryogenics 37:305–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Feng JM, Wang WK, Yang W, Xie BH, Yang MB (2011) Structure and properties of radiation cross-linked polypropylene foam. Polym-Plast Technol Eng 50:1027–1034CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Tian Q, Takács E, Krakovský I, Horváth ZE, Rosta L, Almásy L (2015) Study on the microstructure of polyester polyurethane irradiated in air and water. Polymers 7:1755–1766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ghobashy MM, Abdeen ZI (2016) Radiation crosslinking of polyurethanes: characterization by FTIR, TGA, SEM, XRD, and Raman spectroscopy. J Polym 2016:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Youssef HA, Abdel-Monem YK, El-Sherbiny IM, Eyssa HM, Abd El-Raheem HM (2016) Effect of ionizing radiation on the properties of some synthesized polyurethanes. Res J Pharm Biol Chem Sci 7(4):855–864Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Huang W, Xu YS, Chen XJ, Gao XL, Fu YB (2007) Study on the radiation effect of polyether-urethane in the gamma-radiation field. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 273(1):91–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    ASTM 1461 (2013) Standard test method for thermal diffusivity by the flash method. ASTM International, West ConshohockenGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    KS M 3809 (2006) Thermal insulation material made of rigid urethane foam (in Korean). Korean Industrial Standards, SeoulGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Xiang S, Li T, Wang Y, Ma P, Chen M, Dong W (2016) Long-chain branching hydrogel with ultrahigh tensibility and high strength by grafting via photo-induced polymerization. New J Chem 40:8650–8657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Shin BY, Han DH, Narayan R (2010) Rheological and thermal properties of the PLA modified by electron beam irradiation in the presence of functional monomer. J Polym Environ 18:558–566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Xu H, Fang H, Bai J, Zhang Y, Wang Z (2014) Preparation and characterization of high-melt-strength polylactide with long-chain branched structure through γ-radiation-induced chemical reactions. Ind Eng Chem Res 53:1150–1159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kishimoto S, Wang Q, Tanaka Y, Kagawa Y (2014) Compressive mechanical properties of closed-cell aluminum foam-polymer composites. Compos Part B 64:43–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Landro LD, Sala G, Olivieri D (2002) Deformation mechanisms and energy absorption of polystyrene foams for protective helmets. Polym Test 21(2):217–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Dalongeville G, Dabo M, Gauthier C, Roland T (2017) Mechanical properties of polymer foams: influence of the internal architecture on the stiffness. 23ème Congrès Français de Mécanique, Lille, FranceGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Seuba J, Deville S, Guizard C, Stevenson AJ (2016) Mechanical properties and failure behavior of unidirectional porous ceramics. Sci Rep.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep24326 Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Ridha M (2007) Mechanical and failure properties of rigid polyurethane foam under tension. Ph.D. thesis, Department of mechanical engineering, National University of Singapore, Kent Ridge, SingaporeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean EngineeringPusan National UniversityBusanSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsPusan National UniversityBusanSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryPusan National UniversityBusanSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations