Radiosynthesis of β-phenylethylamine derivatives for cardiac sympathetic nervous PET imaging

  • Yulin He
  • Xiaojun Zhang
  • Jian Liu
  • Jinming ZhangEmail author
  • Xuemei Wang


β-Phenylethylamine is one of the core structure for synthesis of cardiac imaging agents. 11C-MDA is a β-phenylethylamine-based agent, which showed potential imaging performance. To further explore the potentials of the β-phenylethylamine derivatives, 11C-MPEA, 11C-m-MTyr and 11C-p-MTyr were synthesized. The three agents were stable in vitro. The radioactivity uptake of them in myocardium was similar to that in muscle. 11C-p-MTyr PET/CT imaging in New Zealand white rabbits showed a blurred left ventricular image along with a reduced radioactivity uptake. These results suggested the newly synthesized β-phenylethylamine derivatives, unlike 11C-MDA, may not be suitable as the cardiac PET imaging agents.


β-Phenylethylamine Carbon-11 labeling Cardiac sympathetic nervous Positron imaging agent 



This work was supported in part by a grant from National Natural Science Foundation of China (81660295) and Natural Science Foundation of Inner Mongolia (2016MS(LH)0812).

Author contributions

YH wrote the paper and performed the experiments. XZ performed the experiments for drug synthesis. JL performed the experiments for biological distribution experiment. JZ conceived and designed the experiments. XW analyzed the data of PET imaging.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yulin He
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaojun Zhang
    • 1
  • Jian Liu
    • 1
  • Jinming Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xuemei Wang
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear MedicineChinese PLA General HospitalBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Nuclear MedicineThe Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical UniversityHohhotChina

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