Descriptive statistics and risk assessment for the control of seasonal pollutant effects of 210Po and 210Pb in coastal waters (Çanakkale, Turkey)

Abstract

210Po is absorbed into the human body by seafood intake. Especially, mollusks and mussels are known to have much higher 210Po concentration than fish among various other types of seafood and are consumed in large quantities in Aegean Sea. 210Po and 210Pb radionuclide concentrations are obtained in the Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) and in the sediment samples collected from the Çanakkale. The activity concentrations of 210Po and 210Pb are counted using alpha spectrometry. Activity concentrations of 210Po and 210Pb in mussels are in the ranged of 227 ± 11–540 ± 38 and 17 ± 4–48 ± 5 Bq kg−1 dw (dry weight), for sediments the ranges are 23 ± 6–41 ± 3 and 15 ± 3–44 ± 1 Bq kg−1 dw, respectively. Additionally, annual committed effective dose are calculated due to consumption mussel in Çanakkale coastal region. The highest effective doses of 210Po and 210Po are found as 3187 and 56 μSv, respectively. Finally, risk analysis assessment is recommended to determine the pollutant effects of radionuclides. The risk fractions at the concentrations are easily determined with this evaluation process. This methodology has made a great contribution to risk assessments.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10

References

  1. 1.

    Štrok M, Smodiš B (2011) Levels of 210Po and 210Pb in fish and molluscs in Slovenia and the related dose assessment to the population. Chemosphere 82:970–976

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Guogang J, Belli M, Blasi M, Marchetti A, Rosamilia S, Sansone U (2001) Determination of 210Pb and 210Po in mineral and biological environmental samples. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 247:491–499

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Vrecek P, Benedik L, Pihlar B (2004) Determination of 210Pb and 210Po in sediment and soil leachates and in biological materials using a Sr-resin column and evaluation of column reuse. Appl Radiat Isotopes 60:717–723

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Carvalho FP, Oliveira JM (2007) Alpha emitters from uranium mining in the environment. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 274:167–174

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Özmen H, Külahcı F, Çukurovalı A, Doğru M (2004) Concentrations of heavy metal and radioactivity in surface water and sediment of Hazar Lake (Elazıg, Turkey). Chemosphere 55:401–408

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Desideri D, Meli MA, Roselli C, Feduzi L (2009) A biomonitoring study: 210Po and heavy metals in mussels. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 279:591–600

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Carvalho FP, Joao MO, Alberto G, Battle JV (2010) Allometric relationships of 210Po and 210Pb and their application to environmental monitoring. Mar Pollut Bull 60:1734–1742

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Aközcan S, Uğur Görgün A (2013) Variations of 210Po and 210Pb concentration in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from Didim and Izmir Bay (Turkish coast of Aegean Sea). Mar Pollut Bull 68:152–156

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Theng TL, Ahmad Z, Mohamed CAR (2003) Estimation of sedimentation rates using 210Pb and 210Po at the coastal water of Sabah, Malaysia. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 256:115–120

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Ebaid YY, Khater AEM (2006) Determination of 210Pb in environmental samples. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 270:609–619

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Saçan S, Uğur A, Sunlu U, Büyükışık B, Aksu M, Sunlu FS (2010) The 210Po and 210Pb levels in surface sediment samples in the Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea-Turkey). Environ Monit Assess 161:575–582

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Cetiner MA, Gündüz H, Ilgar A (2011) High background radiation areas at Canakkale in Turkey. Radiat Phys Chem 80:704–709

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Kayabasi A, Gokceoglu C (2012) Coal mining under difficult geological conditions: the Can lignite open pit (Canakkale, Turkey). Eng Geol 135–136:66–82

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Gökaşan E, Ergin M, Özyalvaç M, Sur HI, Tur H, Görüm T, Ustaömer T, Batuk FG, Alp H, Birkan H, Türker A, Gezgin E, Özturan M (2008) Factors controlling the morphological evolution of the Çanakkale Strait (Dardanelles, Turkey). Geo-Mar Lett 28:107–129

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Aközcan S (2013) Levels of 210Po and 210Pb in mussel and sediments in Candarlı Gulf and the related dose assessment to the coastal population. Mar Pollut Bull 73:11–15

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Aközcan S, Uğur A (2013) Activity levels of 210Po and 210Pb in some fish species of the Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea). Mar Pollut Bull 66:234–238

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Kılıç Ö, Belivermiş M, Çotuk Y, Topçuoğlu S (2014) Radioactivity concentrations in mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) of Turkish Sea coast and contribution of 210Po to the radiation dose. Mar Pollut Bull 80:325–329

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Shannon LV, Cherry RD (1967) Polonium-210 in marine plankton. Nature 216:352–353

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Ugur A, Yener G, Bassari A (2002) Trace metals and 210Po (210Pb) concentrations in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) consumed in western Anatolia. Appl Radiat Isotopes 57:565–571

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Rozmaric M, Rogic M, Benedic L, Strok M, Barisic D (2013) Seasonal and spatial variations of 210Po and 210Pb activity concentrations in Mytilus galloprovincialis from Croatian coast of the Adriatic Sea. Chemosphere 93:2063–2068

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Carvalho FP (2011) Polonium (210Po) and lead (210Pb) in marine organisms and their transfer in marine food chains. J Environ Radioactiv 102:462–472

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Carvalho FP, Joao MO, Alberto G (2011) Factor affecting 210Po and 210Pb activity concentrations in mussels and implications for environmental bio-monitoring programmes. J Environ Radioactiv 102:128–137

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Rozmaric M, Rogic M, Benedic L, Strok M, Barisic D, Ivsic AG (2012) 210Po and 210Pb activity concentrations in Mytilus galloprovincialis from Croatian Adriatic coast with the related dose assessment to the coastal population. Chemosphere 87:1295–1300

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Uğur A, Ozden B, Filizok I (2011) Spatial and temporal variability of 210Po and 210Pb in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) at the Turkish coast of the Aegean Sea. Chemosphere 83:1102–1107

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    IAEA (2003) International basic safety standards for protection against ionizing radiations and for the safety of radiation sources. Safety series no. 115. IAEA, Vienna

    Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Noureddine A, Baggoura B (1997) Plutonium isotopes, 137Cs, 90Sr, and natural radioactivity in marine sediments from Ghazaouet, Algeria. J Environ Radioactiv 34:127–138

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Boisson F, Miquel J-C, Cotret O, Fowler SW (2001) 210Po and 210Pb cycling in a hydrothermal vent zone in the coastal Aegean Sea. Sci Total Environ 281:111–119

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Uğur A, Yener G (2001) Accumulation rates and sediment deposition in the Gökova Bay in Aegean Sea Turkish Coast. Appl Radiat Isotopes 55:581–588

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Uğur A, Miquel JC, Fowler SW, Appleby P (2003) Radiometric dating of sediment cores from a hydrothermal vent zone off Milos Island in the Aegean Sea. Sci Total Environ 307:203–214

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Sirelkhatim DA, Sam AK, Hassona RK (2008) Distribution of 226Ra–210Pb–210Po in marine biota and surface sediments of the Red Sea, Sudan. J Environ Radioactiv 99:1825–1828

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    Aközcan S, Uğur Görgün A (2013) Trace metal and radionuclide pollution in marine sediments of the Aegean Sea (Izmir Bay and Didim). Environ Earth Sci 69:2351–2355

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Kim G (2001) Large deficiency of polonium in the oligotrophic ocean’s interior. Earth Planet Sci Lett 192:15–21

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Kirklareli University [Grant Number: KLUBAP 060].

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Serpil Aközcan.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Aközcan, S., Külahcı, F. Descriptive statistics and risk assessment for the control of seasonal pollutant effects of 210Po and 210Pb in coastal waters (Çanakkale, Turkey). J Radioanal Nucl Chem 315, 285–292 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-017-5670-7

Download citation

Keywords

  • Risk analysis
  • 210Po
  • 210Pb
  • Descriptive statistics
  • Mussel
  • Sediment
  • Annual dose