Advertisement

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 311, Issue 2, pp 1053–1057 | Cite as

Development and optimization of an on-site sequential extraction system for radiobioassay in radiation emergency

  • Seokwon Yoon
  • Wi-Ho HaEmail author
  • Sunhoo Park
  • Seung-Sook Lee
  • Young-Woo Jin
Article
  • 151 Downloads

Abstract

An on-site sample preparation system (OS) was developed and tested for fast measurement of alpha- and beta-emitting radionuclides in radiation emergencies. Sequential analysis of 238,239Pu, 241Am and 90Sr was performed using OS for in vitro bioassay. The chemical recovery yields at different flow rates were determined to establish the optimal preparation condition. Multiple separations of target radionuclides in synthetic urine samples were performed and the results were reviewed. The overall chemical recoveries were reasonably consistent. The turnaround time from sample preparation to counting was reduced compared to traditional methods by up to 61 %.

Keywords

On-site radiobioassay Sequential extraction system Radiobioassay Radiation emergency 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by a Grant of the Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), funded by Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, Republic of Korea (1711031808/50581-2016).

References

  1. 1.
    International Atomic Energy Agency (2005) Generic procedures for medical response during a nuclear or radiological emergency. Vienna, AustriaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zoriy P, Flucht R, Burow M, Ostapczuk P, Lennartz R, Zoriy M (2010) Development of a relatively cheap and simple automated separation system for a routine separation procedure based on extraction chromatography. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 286:211–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kim C, Kim C, Rho B, Lee J (2002) Rapid determination of 99Tc in environmental samples by high resolution ICP-MS coupled with on-line flow injection system. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 252:421–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kim CK, Kim CS, Sansone U, Martin P (2008) Development and application of an on-line sequential injection system for the separation of Pu, 210Po and 210Pb from environmental samples. Appl Radiat Isot 66:223–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Guérin N, Nadeau K, Potvin S, Hardy J-M, Larivière D (2013) Automated pressurized injection system for the separation of actinides by extraction chromatography. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 295:1803–1811CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lehto J, Hou X (2010) Chemistry and analysis of radionuclides. Wiley, WeinheimCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    L’Annunziata MF (ed) (2012) Handbook of radioactivity analysis, 3rd edn. Academic Press, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Eichrom Technologies I (2006) Analytical procedures-americium, neptunium, plutonium, thorium, curium, uranium, and strontium in water (with vacuum box system). Eichrom Technologies, IncGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Maxwell S, Culligan B (2009) Rapid separation method for emergency water and urine samples. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 279:901–907CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    ANSI (2011) Performance criteria for radiobioassay, Standard N13.30. American National Standards InstituteGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nour S, LaRosa J, Inn KGW (2011) Emergency radiobioassay preparedness exercises through the NIST radiochemistry intercomparison program. Health Phys 101:170–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Horwitz EP (1998) Extraction chromatography of actinides and selected fission products: principles and achievement of selectivity. International workshop on the application of extraction chromatography in radionuclide measurement. IRMM, Geel, pp 9–10Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Horwitz PE, Chiarizia R, Dietz ML (1992) A novel strontium-selective extraction chromatographic resin*. Sol Extra Ion Exch 10:313–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Li C, Battisti P, Berard P, Cazoulat A, Cuellar A, Cruz-Suarez R, Dai X, Giardina I, Hammond D, Hernandez C, Kiser S, Ko R, Kramer-Tremblay S, Lecompte Y, Navarro E, Navas C, Sadi B, Sierra I, Verrezen F, Lopez MA (2015) EURADOS intercomparison on emergency radiobioassay. Radiat Prot Dosim 167:472–484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (2009) Management of persons contaminated with radionuclides handbook, NCRP report no 161. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, Bethesda, MD, p 1. https://app.knovel.com/. Accessed 5 May 2016 (xiii, 276 p.)
  16. 16.
    Currie LA (1968) Limits for qualitative detection and quantitative determination. Application to radiochemistry. Anal Chem 40:586–593CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seokwon Yoon
    • 1
  • Wi-Ho Ha
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sunhoo Park
    • 1
  • Seung-Sook Lee
    • 1
  • Young-Woo Jin
    • 1
  1. 1.National Radiation Emergency Medical CenterKorea Institute of Radiological and Medical SciencesSeoulKorea

Personalised recommendations