Skip to main content
Log in

Visible light activated catalytic effect of iron containing soda-lime silicate glass characterized by 57Fe-Mössbauer spectroscopy

  • Published:
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry Aims and scope Submit manuscript


A relationship between local structure and visible light activated catalytic effect of iron containing soda lime silicate glass with the composition of 15Na2O·15CaO·xFe2O3·(70-x)SiO2, x = 5–50 mass %, abbreviated as NCFSx was investigated by means of 57Fe-Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry (XRD), small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI–MS) and ultraviolet–visible light absorption spectroscopy (UV–Vis). Mössbauer spectra of NCFSx glass with ‘x’ being equal to or larger than 30 after isothermal annealing at 1,000 °C for 100 min consisted of a paramagnetic doublet and a magnetic sextet. The former had isomer shift (δ) of 0.24 mm s−1 and quadrupole splitting (Δ) of 0.99 mm s−1 due to distorted FeIIIO4 tetrahedra, and the latter had δ of 0.36 mm s−1 and internal magnetic field (H int) of 51.8 T due to hematite (α-Fe2O3). The absorption area (A) of α-Fe2O3 varied from 47.2 to 75.9, 93.1, 64.8 and 47.9 % with ‘x’ from 30 to 35, 40, 45 and 50, indicating that the amount of precipitated α-Fe2O3 varied with the Fe2O3 content of NCFSx glass. The precipitation of α-Fe2O3 was also confirmed by XRD study of annealed NCFS glass with ‘x’ larger than 30. A relaxed sexted with δ, H int and Γ of 0.34 mm s−1 and 37.9 T and 1.32 mm s−1 was observed from the Mössbauer spectra of annealed NCFSx glass with ‘x’ of 45 and 50, implying that the precipitation of non-stoichiometric iron hydroxide oxide with the composition of Fe1.833(OH)0.5O2.5 having the similar structure of α-Fe2O3 and α-FeOOH. A remarkable decrease in the concentration of methylene blue (MB) from 10 to 0.0 μmol L−1 with the first-order rate constant (k) of 2.87 × 10−2 h−1 was observed for 10-day leaching test using annealed NCFS50 glass under visible light irradiation. ESI–MS study indicated that existence of fragments with m/z value of 129, 117 and 207 etc. originating from MB having m/z of 284. This result evidently showed that the MB concentration decreased due to visible light induced decomposition caused by the visible light activated catalytic effect of α-Fe2O3 and/or Fe1.833(OH)0.5O2.5 precipitated in soda-lime silicate glass matrix.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Fujishima A, Honda K (1972) Nature 238:37

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Ozaki H, Iwamoto S, Inoue M (2007) J Phys Chem C 111(45):17061

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Hong X, Wang Z, Cai W, Lu F, Zhang J, Yang Y, Ma N, Liu Y (2005) Chem Mater 17(6):1548

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Kubuki S, Iwanuma J, Akiyama K, Homonnay Z, Kuzmann E, Nishida T (2012) Am Inst Phys Conf Proc Ser 1489:41. doi:10.1063/1.4759472

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Kubuki S, Iwanuma J, Akiyama K, Homonnay Z, Kuzmann E, Nishida T (2013) Hyperfine Interact 218:41

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Kalmykova Y, Knutsson J, Strömvall AM, Hargelius K (2009) Blast-Furnace Sludge as Sorbent Material for Multi-metal Contaminated Water. In: Highway and Urban Environment : Proceedings of the 9th Highway and Urban Environment Symposium. Springer, pp. 307-318

  7. Ahmed N, Maitra S, Dutta BK, Ahmed F (2009) Journal of Environmental Sciences 21:1735

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Wakasa M (2006) Research Report of Comprehensive Research Organization 4: (in Japanese). Accessed 23 March 2014

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Shiro Kubuki.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kubuki, S., Iwanuma, J., Takahashi, Y. et al. Visible light activated catalytic effect of iron containing soda-lime silicate glass characterized by 57Fe-Mössbauer spectroscopy. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 301, 1–7 (2014).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: