A simplified method to replace the Westcott formalism in k 0-NAA using non-1/v nuclides


The Westcott formalism was developed to accurately describe the activation of nuclides whose neutron capture cross-sections do not follow the 1/v-law and it was incorporated in the k 0-method about 20 years ago. However, its implementation in the original fashion is not easy, requiring the use of a different formalism for the non-1/v nuclides, with a g(T n) factor for the thermal neutron activation and an s 0 factor for epithermal activation, the measurement of the neutron spectral index of the irradiation channel and the irradiation of a temperature monitor with each batch of samples as well. In this work we investigated the accuracy of maintaining the simpler formula of the Høgdahl convention for all nuclides and introducing the g(T n) factor for the thermal neutron activation for non-1/v nuclides. The epithermal activation is calculated using a Q 0-value estimated from the measured s 0-value for non-1/v nuclides. This new approach has been shown, by calculations with the parameters of the neutron spectra of five irradiation channels, not to give a significant loss of accuracy relative to the Westcott formalism.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4


  1. 1.

    De Corte F, Simonits A, Bellemans F, Freitas MC, Jovanovic S, Smodis B, Erdtmann G, Petri H, De Wispelaere A (1993) Recent advances in the k 0-standardization of neutron activation analysis: extensions, applications, prospects. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 169:125–158

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    De Corte F (2001) The standardization of standardless NAA. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 248:13–20

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Westcott CH (1960) Effective cross section values for well-moderated thermal reactor spectra, AECL-1101, 3rd edn. Chalk River Laboratory, Chalk River

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Holden NE (1999) Temperature dependence of the Westcott g-factor for neutron reactions in activation analysis. Pure Appl Chem 71:2309–2315

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    De Corte F, Bellemans F, De Neve P, Simonits A (1994) The use of a modified Westcott-formalism in the k 0-standardization of NAA—the state of affairs. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 179:93–103

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    De Corte F, Simonits A (2003) Recommended nuclear data for use in the k 0 standardization of neutron activation analysis. At Data Nucl Data Tables 85:47–67

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    De Corte F (1987) The k0-standardization method: move to the optimization of neutron activation analysis. Habil. Thesis, Ghent University, Gent

  8. 8.

    St-Pierre J, Kennedy G (2007) Corrections for neutron activation analysis with non-1/v nuclides using reactor moderator temperature readings. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 271:283–287

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to R. van Sluijs.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

van Sluijs, R., Jacimovic, R. & Kennedy, G. A simplified method to replace the Westcott formalism in k 0-NAA using non-1/v nuclides. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 300, 539–545 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-014-2958-8

Download citation


  • k 0-NAA
  • k 0-Method
  • Westcott
  • Høgdahl
  • Non 1/v
  • Kayzero