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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 299, Issue 2, pp 977–980 | Cite as

Reduction of isotopically enriched 50Ti-dioxide for the production of high-intensity heavy-ion beam

  • Bettina Lommel
  • Andreas Beusch
  • Willi Hartmann
  • Annett Hübner
  • Birgit Kindler
  • Jutta Steiner
  • Vera Yakusheva
Article

Abstract

Titanium-50 (50Ti) is an important and often requested ion beam for nuclear physics’ experiments. While natural titanium of very high purity is available in different forms; enriched material can only be bought as the dioxide or the tetrachloride. These compounds cannot be processed from currently available ion sources with a sufficient beam quality and sufficient beam intensity for a long time. We describe here the process of converting titanium dioxide into the metal, the material analysis of the starting material as well as of the reduced material. Despite varying contamination levels of silicon, chlorine, and tin in the primary materials, we obtained high yields of metallic titanium with different contamination levels. The obtained metallic 50Ti was applied at the accelerator UNILAC for the production of a high intensity ion beam for several month of beam time.

Keywords

Reduction of oxide Titanium Ion source Heavy ion beam 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The photos were taken by Gabi Otto, GSI.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bettina Lommel
    • 1
  • Andreas Beusch
    • 1
  • Willi Hartmann
    • 1
  • Annett Hübner
    • 1
  • Birgit Kindler
    • 1
  • Jutta Steiner
    • 1
  • Vera Yakusheva
    • 2
    • 1
  1. 1.GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbHDarmstadtGermany
  2. 2.Helmholtz-Institut MainzMainzGermany

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