Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 298, Issue 1, pp 513–517 | Cite as

Concentration of 137Cs and 40K in meat of omnivore and herbivore game species in mountain forest ecosystems of Gorski Kotar, Croatia

  • Nikica ŠpremEmail author
  • Ivan Babić
  • Domagoj Barišić
  • Delko Barišić


The aim of this study was to investigate 137Cs and 40K load in large mammal game species in the mountain forest region of Gorski Kotar in Croatia approximately a quarter of century after the Chernobyl accident. 137Cs and 40K activity were determined by the gamma-spectrometric method in 49 meat samples of five large game species: brown bear (Ursus arctos), wild boar (Sus scrofa), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), red deer (Cervus elaphus), and chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra). The results indicated that herbivore game species (roe deer, red deer and chamois) show significantly lower 137Cs concentrations than omnivore species (brown bear, wild boar), thereby confirming the hypothesis that different dietary strategy impact caesium concentrations in meat. The measured caesium load in brown bear meat was in the range of two orders of magnitude, while caesium load in wild boar meat was found in the range of one order of magnitude. The estimated effective equivalent dose showed that uptake of the highest caesium doses would be from consumption of omnivore species meat, while much lower doses could be taken in with the consumption of meat from herbivore species.


Game meat 137Cs 40Omnivore Herbivore Mountain forest ecosystem 



We would like to thank Alen Ružić from the Šafar butcher shop and members of the hunting clubs “Tetrijeb Delnice” (especially Robert Gec), “Divokoza Brod na Kupi” (especially Robert Abramović) and “Vidra Turke” (especially Mladen Mauhar) for their invaluable assistance in providing samples. This study was partly supported by Project no. 098-0982934-2713 of the Ministry of Science, Education and Sport. Finally, thanks to anonymous reviewers and editor for their expertise which significantly contributed to improve the quality of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikica Šprem
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ivan Babić
    • 1
  • Domagoj Barišić
    • 1
  • Delko Barišić
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Fisheries, Beekeeping, Game Management and Special Zoology, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Laboratory for Radioecology, Centre for Marine and Environmental ResearchRuder Boskovic InstituteZagrebCroatia

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