Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 298, Issue 1, pp 635–638 | Cite as

Should we measure plutonium concentrations in marine sediments near Fukushima?



Pu contamination originating from Fukushima accident has not been detected in marine sediment samples collected outside a 30 km circle around the plant. It is shown, by means of numerical modelling, that if any impact from the accident has occurred, this would remain in a very close area to Fukushima because of the low Pu mobility in the marine environment. Since the situation inside the 30 km zone remains unknown, further studies on the determination of Pu isotopes in sediments within this area are required.


Plutonium Marine dispersion Fukushima Numerical modelling Sediments 


  1. 1.
    Bailly du BP, Laguionie P, Boust D, Korsakissok I, Didier D, Fiévet B (2012) Estimation of marine source term following Fukushima Dai-ichi accident. J Environ Radioact 114:2–9Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Buesseler KO, Jayneb SR, Fisherc NS, Rypinab II, Baumannc H, Baumannc Z, Breiera CF, Douglassb EM, Georgec J, Macdonaldb AM, Miyamotod H, Nishikawad J, Pikea SM, Yoshidab S (2012) Fukushima-deriver radionuclides in the ocean and biota off Japan. PNAS, doi:10.1073/pnas.1120794109
  3. 3.
    Masumoto Y, Miyazawa Y, Tsumune D, Tsubono T, Kobayashi T, Kawamura H, Estournel C, Marseleix P, Lanerolle L, Mehra A, Garraffo ZD (2012) Oceanic dispersion simulations of 137-Cs released from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Elements 8:207–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Periáñez R, Kyung-Suk S, Byung-Il M (2012) Local scale marine modelling of Fukushima releases. Assessment of water and sediment contamination and sensitivity to water circulation description. Mar Pollut Bull 64:2333–2339Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yamamoto M, Takada T, Nagao S, Koike T, Shimada K, Hoshi M, Zhumadilov K, Shima T, Fukuoka M, Imanaka T, Endo S, Sakaguchi A, Kimura S (2012) An early survey of the radioactive contamination of soil due to the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, with emphasis on plutonium analysis. Geochem J 46:341–353Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zheng J, Tagami K, Watanabe Y, Uchida S, Aono t, Ishii N, Yoshida S, Kubota Y, Fuma S, Ihara S (2012) Isotopic evidence of plutonium release into the environment from the Fukushima DNPP accident. Sci Rep 2:304. doi:10.138/srep00304
  7. 7.
    Zheng J, Aono T, Uchida S, Zhang J, Honda MC (2012) Distribution of Pu isotopes in marine sediments in the Pacific 30 km off Fukushima after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. Geochem J 46:361–369Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Periáñez R (2008) A modelling study on 137Cs and 239,240Pu behaviour in the Alborán Sea, western Mediterranean. J Environ Radioact 99:694–715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Periáñez R (2009) Environmental modelling in the Gulf of Cadiz: heavy metal distributions in water and sediments. Sci Total Environ 407:3392–3406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Periáñez R (2012) Modelling the environmental behavior of pollutants in Algeciras Bay (south Spain). Mar Pollut Bull 64:221–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nyffeler UP, Li YH, Santschi PH (1984) A kinetic approach to describe trace element distribution between particles and solution in natural aquatic systems. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 48:1513–1522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Turner A, Millward GE (1994) Partitioning of trace metals in a macrotidal estuary. Implications for contaminant transport models. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 39:45–58Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ciffroy P, Garnier JM, Pham MK (2001) Kinetics of the adsorption and desorption of radionuclides of Co, Mn, Cs, Fe, Ag and Cd in freshwater systems: experimental and modelling approaches. J Environ Radioact 55:71–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    El Mrabet R, Abril JM, Manjón G, García-Tenorio R (2001) Experimental and modelling study of plutonium uptake by suspended matter in aquatic environments from southern Spain. Water Res 35:4184–4190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Periáñez R (2003) Kinetic modelling of the dispersion of plutonium in the eastern Irish Sea: two approaches. J Mar Syst 38:259–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Periáñez R (2004) Testing the behaviour of different kinetic models for uptake-release of radionuclides between water and sediments when implemented on a marine dispersion model. J Environ Radioact 71:243–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Periáñez R (1999) Three dimensional modelling of the tidal dispersion of non conservative radionuclides in the marine environment. Application to 239,240Pu dispersion in the eastern Irish Sea. J Mar Syst 22:37–51Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Dietze H, Kriest I (2012) 137Cs off Fukushima Dai-ichi, Japan. Model based estimates of dilution and fate. Ocean Sci 8: 319–332Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dpt Física Aplicada IETSIA Universidad de SevillaSevillaSpain
  2. 2.KAERIDaejeonRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations