Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 298, Issue 1, pp 311–315 | Cite as

Fluorine determination in different types of ivory by PIGE technique

  • Chaturvedula S. Sastri
  • Arun Banerjee
  • Thierry Sauvage
  • Blandine Courtois
  • Thomas Schuhmacher


Fluorine was determined by particle induced gamma-ray emission (PIGE) technique with 2.3 MeV protons in elephant, mammoth, aquatic (walrus, pot whale, narwhal, hippopotamus) and archaeological ivory, with concentration varying between 55 ppm and 2.3 %. The characteristic variation of F concentration with species shows that it has the potential to serve as a marker in identifying different types of ivory. Additionally, Na concentration was also reported in all the analysed samples.


Nuclear analysis PIGE Protons Fluorine Sodium Ivory 



Thanks are due to Dr. D. Gronnenborn, Römisch-Germanisches Zentral Museum (RGZM), Mainz for supplying archaeological sample from Nigeria and Deutsches Elfenbeinmuseum, Erbach, Odenwald, Germany for providing shipwreck sample from the Mediterranean.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chaturvedula S. Sastri
    • 1
  • Arun Banerjee
    • 2
  • Thierry Sauvage
    • 3
  • Blandine Courtois
    • 3
  • Thomas Schuhmacher
    • 4
  1. 1.ProteoSys AGMainzGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Geowissenschaften, Universität MainzMainzGermany
  3. 3.CNRS-CEMHTIOrleans-Cedex 2France
  4. 4.Deutsches Archaeologisches InstitutMadridSpain

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