Commercial radio-opaque combat (CRC) fabrics, for incorporation into personal protective equipment used by first responders and armed forces, are marketed as having the ability to provide a level of protection against specific types of radiation. For a CRC material, a standard combat uniform and a multi-layered chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear (CBRN) protective material, the present work examines chemical composition and radiation protection against gamma-rays and neutron fluxes. Significant reduction in gamma-ray transmittance occurs only for the CRC fabric (46–514 keV) with gamma-ray attenuation coefficients of 3.10 to <0.10 cm2 g−1. Reduction in neutron transmittance, for all three fabrics, could not be assessed with certainty as the measured transmittance was obscured by large statistical uncertainties.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Napier ID, Locke J, Grubb SR, Picton JD (2010) J Radiol Prot 30:717–733
Ronald F (2009) Non-woven radioopaque materials for medical garments and method for making same. US Patent #20090000007
Friedman HW, Singh MS (2003) Radiation transmission measurements for demron fabric. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore
Analytical Sciences Group SLOWPOKE-2 Facility at RMC (2010) Methods manual—total chlorine in oils by neutron activation (method ASG003)—RMC internal document v.4.4. Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston
Bergerioux C, Kennedy G, Zikovsky L (1979) J Radioanal Chem 50:229–234
Gether J, Lunde G, Steinnes E (1979) Anal Chim Acta 108:137–147
Andrews WS (1989) Thermal neutron flux mapping around the reactor core of the SLOWPOKE-2 at RMC. Master of Engineering Thesis, Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston
Erdtmann G (1976) Neutron activation tables, 6th edn. Kernchemie in Einzeldarstellungen. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim
Lepri FG, Borges DLG, Araujo RGO, Welz B, Wendler F, Krieg M, Becker-Ross H (2010) Talanta 81:980–987
Lamarsh JR, Baratta AJ (2001) Introduction to nuclear engineering, 3rd edn. Prentice Hall, New Jersey
Hubbell JH Seltzer SM (2004) Tables of X-ray mass attenuation coefficients and mass energy-absorption coefficients (version 1.4). National institute of standards and technology, Gaithersburg, http://physics.nist.gov/xaamdi. Accessed Feb 2011
The provision of gamma-ray spectrometric instrument and financial support for purchase of radionuclide standards and standard reference materials by the Director General Nuclear Safety, Department of National Defense to the Analytical Sciences Group, Royal Military College of Canada are gratefully acknowledged.
About this article
Cite this article
Corcoran, E.C., Forest, W., Horton, R. et al. A performance study of radio-opaque personal protective fabrics for the reduction of transmittance of gamma-rays and neutrons. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 291, 251–256 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-011-1199-3
- Mass attenuation coefficient