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Soil-to-mushroom transfer of 137Cs, 40K, alkali–alkaline earth element and heavy metal in forest sites of Izmir, Turkey

Abstract

The present work is devoted to an investigation on the soil to mushroom transfer parameters for 137Cs and 40K radionuclides, as well as for some stable elements and heavy metals. The results of transfer factors for 137Cs and 40K were within the range of 0.06–3.15 and 0.67–5.68, respectively and the most efficiently transferred radionuclide was 40K. The TF values for 137Cs typically conformed to a lognormal distribution, while for 40K showed normal distribution. Statistically significant correlations between 137Cs soil to mushroom transfer factors and agrochemical soil properties have been revealed. Although the concentration ratios varied within the species, the most efficiently transferred elements seems to have been K, followed by Rb, Zn, Cu, Cd, S, Cs and Hg.

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Acknowledgments

Grateful thanks are offered to the provider of financial support for the research presented here: Ege University Scientific Research Project (Project no: 2003 NBE 006). The authors also would like to thank Dr. Halil Solak (Muğla University, Ula Technical High School, Department of Mycology) for his indispensable help during precise identification of the different fungi species, to Mr. Nejat Özden and Dr. Tolga Esetlili for their collaboration during identification of the different soil horizons, to Mr. Fatih Çoban for his help on drawing the figures and the ACME Laboratory for carrying out trace element analyses of mushroom samples.

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Correspondence to Özlem Karadeniz.

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Karadeniz, Ö., Yaprak, G. Soil-to-mushroom transfer of 137Cs, 40K, alkali–alkaline earth element and heavy metal in forest sites of Izmir, Turkey. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 288, 261–270 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-010-0908-7

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Keywords

  • Soil to mushroom transfer
  • 137Cs
  • 40K
  • Alkali–alkaline earth elements
  • Heavy metals