Synthesis, characterization, morphology and adsorption performance towards cu+2 ions of nano-sized copolymers of anthranilic acid and o-aminophenol poly(anthranilic acid-co-o-aminophenol)

Abstract

Nanospheres with different particles size and nanorodes of copolymer of anthranilic acid with o-aminophenol poly(AA-co-o-AP) were synthesized by redox polymerization initiated by FeSO4.7H2O as redox initiator and ammonium peroxydisulfate (APS) as oxidant in different concentrations of aqueous solutions of hydrochloric acid. The influence of synthetic parameters such as acid concentration and the presence of redox initiator were investigated. The morphology and particles size were studied by transmission electron microscope (TEM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results showed that the morphology and average particle size of polymeric nano particles according to SEM and TEM analyses were different based upon the conditions of the copolymerization. The physico-chemical characterization of the prepared nanoparticles was carried out by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and Thermogravimetric(TGA). Which FT-IR confirmed the structure of poly(AA-co-o-AP) nanoparticles in emeraldine form. The molecular weight was determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The surface area of nanocopolymer particles was determined also by Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET). The competition of the prepared nano-sized copolymers particles towards the adsorption of copper ions from aqueous solutions was investigated. The results showed that the adsorption capacity was based on particle size of nanocopolymers and their surface area. The adsorption capacity increased with decreasing the particle size. On the other hand the adsorption capacity increased with increasing the surface area and the molecular weight of the prepared nano-sized copolymers of poly(AA-co-o-AP).

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Correspondence to A.M. Metwally.

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Metwally, A., Shaaban, A.F., Azab, M.M. et al. Synthesis, characterization, morphology and adsorption performance towards cu+2 ions of nano-sized copolymers of anthranilic acid and o-aminophenol poly(anthranilic acid-co-o-aminophenol). J Polym Res 27, 90 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10965-019-1980-5

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Keywords

  • Polymeric nanoparticles (PNPs)
  • Copolymerizetion
  • Anthranilic acid
  • o-aminophenol
  • Ammonium peroxydisulfate (APS)
  • FeSO4.H2O
  • Adsorption