‘Green’ synthesis of silver polymer Nanocomposites of poly (2-isopropenyl-2- oxazoline-co- N-vinylpyrrolidone) and its catalytic activity

A Correction to this article was published on 20 August 2018

This article has been updated

Abstract

Metal-polymer nanocomposites are of great interest and mainly focused on advanced catalytic and sensor applications. Resulting from this, new copolymers composed of poly(2-isopropenyl-2-oxazoline) (PIPOx) and poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PNVP) segments were prepared from highly water soluble 2-isopropenyl-2- oxazoline (IPOx) and N-vinylpyrrolidone (NVP) monomers. Finally, silver polymer nanocomposites of poly(2-isopropenyl-2-oxazoline-co-N-vinylpyrrolidone) were synthesized and reporting for the first time. All polymerizations were done in an aqueous phase with potassium persulfate as an initiator at 60 °C. The reaction time varied from 1 to 6 h in accordance with stoichiometric ratios of PIPOx and PNVP, leading to insoluble copolymers; which are termed as PIPOx_PNVP (75:25), PIPOx_PNVP (50:50), PIPOx_PNVP (25:75) and PIPOx_PNVP (10:90). Only, PIPOx_PNVP (10:90) showed adequate swelling behavior in water and some other organic solvents. All the polymers were distinguished by various physicochemical spectroscopic techniques such as UV/Visible spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and FTIR analysis. Thermogravimetry (TGA) and Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to investigate thermal stability of the samples. The metalo-polymer nanocomposites (PIPOx_PNVP-SNCs) showed an apparently improved stability even when the composites were stored in air, at room temperature. The PIPOx_PNVP-SNCs showed a remarkable catalytic activity during the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) to 4-aminophenol (4-AP) in the presence of sodium borohydride.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9

Change history

  • 20 August 2018

    Due to an oversight during typesetting stage, many subscripts and superscripts after unit abbreviations were captured as normal text (i.e. NaBH4 instead of the correct NaBH4, Ag+ instead of the correct Ag+, C0 instead of the correct C0, cm-1 instead of the correct cm-1.

References

  1. 1.

    Hoogenboom R (2007) Poly(2-oxazoline) s: alive and kicking. Macromol Chem Phys 208:18–25

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Kroneková Z, Marcel M, Petrenčíková N, Paulovicˇová E, Paulovicˇová L, Jancˇinová V, Nosál’ R, Reddy PS, Shimoga GD, Chorvát Jr D, Kronek J (2016) Ex vivo and in vitro studies on the cytotoxicity and Immunomodulative properties of poly(2-isopropenyl-2-oxazoline) as a new type of biomedical polymer. Macromol Biosci 16:1200–1211

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Safari J, Najafabadi AE, Zarnegar Z, Masoule SF (2016) Catalytic performance in 4-nitrophenol reduction by Ag nanoparticles stabilized on biodegradable amphiphilic copolymers. Green Chem Lett Rev 9:20–26

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Haaf F, Sanner A, Straub F (1985) Polymers of N-Vinylpyrrolidone: synthesis, characterization and uses. Polym J 17:143–152

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Parambil AM, Puttaiahgowda YM, Shankarappa P (2012) Copolymerization of N-vinyl pyrrolidone with methyl methacrylate by Ti(III)-DMG redox initiator. Turk J Chem 36:397–409

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Reddy PRS, Rao KSVK, Rao KM, Sivagangi Reddy N, Eswaramma S (2015) pH sensitive poly (methyl methacrylate-co-acryloyl phenylalanine) nanogels and their silver nanocomposites for biomedical applications. J Drug Delivery Sci Technol 29:181–188

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Chouhan N, Ameta R, Meena RK (2017) Biogenic silver nanoparticles from Trachyspermum ammi (Ajwain) seeds extract for catalytic reduction of p-nitrophenol to p-aminophenol in excess of NaBH4. J Mol Liq 230:74–84

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Kudaibergenov SE, Tatykhanova GS, Selenova BS (2016) Polymer protected and gel immobilized gold and silver nanoparticles in catalysis. J Inorg Organomet Polym 26:1198–1211

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Palem RR, Shimoga DG, Kronekova Z, Sláviková M, Saha N, Saha P (2018) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and biopolymer nanocomposites: a comparative study on physico-chemical, antimicrobial and anticancer activity. Bull mater Sci 41: 55. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12034-018-1567-5

  10. 10.

    Ma B, Wang M, Tian D, Pei Y, Yuan L (2015) Micro/nano-structured polyaniline/silver catalyzed borohydride reduction of 4-nitrophenol. RSC Adv 5:41639–41645

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Hoogenboom R, Schlaad H (2011) Bioinspired poly(2-oxazoline) s. Polymers 3:467–488

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Maitz MF (2015) Applications of synthetic polymers in clinical medicine. Biosurf Biotribol 1:161–176

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Sadakiyo M, Kon-no M, Sato K, Nagaoka K, Kasai H, Kato K, Yamauchi M (2014) Synthesis and catalytic application of PVP-coated Ru nanoparticles embedded in a porous metal–organic framework. Dalton Trans 43:11295–11298

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Tsunoyama H, Ichikuni N, Tsukuda T (2008) Microfluidic synthesis and catalytic application of PVP-stabilized,∼1 nm gold clusters. Langmuir 24:11327–11330

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Prakash S, Chakrabarty T, Singh AK, Shahi VK (2013) Polymer thin films embedded with metal nanoparticles for electrochemical biosensors applications. Biosens Bioelectron 41:43–53

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Reddy PR, Ganesh SD, Saha N, Zandraa O, Saha P (2016) Ecofriendly synthesis of silver nanoparticles from garden rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum). J Nanotechnol https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/4964752

  17. 17.

    Palem RR, Saha N, Shimoga GD, Kronekova Z, Sláviková M, Saha P (2018) Chitosan-silver Nanocomposites: new functional biomaterial for healthcare applications. Int J Polym Mater 67:1–10. https://doi.org/10.1080/00914037.2017.1291516

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Shimoga, DG, Reddy PR, Saha N, Saha P (2016) Green approach to synthesize silver nanoparticles from stem extract of Garden Rhubarb: Evaluation of their stability and dielectric performances. ISBN 978-80-87294-71-0 (TANGER Ltd., Keltickova 62, 710 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic, EU), 1st Ed, 698–702

  19. 19.

    Kagiya T, Matsuda T (1972) Selective polymerization of 2-Isopropenyl-2-oxazoline and cross- linking reaction of the polymers. Polym J 3:307–314

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Lock MR, El-Aasser MS, Klein A, Vanderhoff JW (1990) Investigation of the persulfate/itaconic acid interaction and implications for emulsion polymerization. J Appl Polym Sci 39:2129–2140

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Mondal D, Mollick MR, Bhowmick B, Maity D, Bain MK, Rana D, Mukhopadhyay A, Dana K, Chattopadhyay D (2013) Effect of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) on the morphology and physical properties of poly(vinylalcohol)/sodium montmorillonite nanocomposite films. Progress in Natural Science: Materials International 23:579–587

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Abou Taleb MH (2009) Thermal and spectroscopic studies of poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone)/poly (vinyl alcohol) blend films. J Appl Polym Sci 114:1202–1207

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Thürmer MB, Diehl CE, Brum FJB, Santos LAD (2014) Preparation and characterization of hydrogels with potential for use as biomaterials. Mater Res 17:109–113

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Broido A (1969) A simple, sensitive graphical method of treating Thermogravimetric analysis data. J Polymer Sci 2 Polymer Phys 7:1761–1773

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Murugadoss A, Chattopadhyay A (2008) A ‘green’ chitosan–silver nanoparticle composite as a heterogeneous as well as micro-heterogeneous catalyst. Nanotechnology 9:051603

    Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Begum R, Farooqi ZH, Ahmed E, Naseem K, Ashraf S, Sharif A, Rehan R (2017) Catalytic reduction of 4- nitrophenol using silver nanoparticles engineered poly (N- isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylamide) hybrid microgels. Appl Organomet Chem 31:e3563

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Tan NPB, Lee CH, Li P (2016) Green synthesis of smart metal/polymer Nanocomposite particles and their Tuneable catalytic activities. Polymers 8:105

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Alshehri SM, Almuqati T, Almuqati N, Al-Farraj E, Alhokbany N, Ahamad T (2016) Chitosan based polymer matrix with silver nanoparticles decoratedmultiwalled carbon nanotubes for catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol. Carbohydr Polym 151:135–143

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Chang M, Kim T, Park HW, Kang M, Reichmanis E, Yoon H (2002) Imparting chemical stability in Nanoparticulate silver via a conjugated polymer casing approach. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 4:4357–4365

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Esumi K, Isono R, Yoshimura T (2004) Preparation of PAMAM- and PPI-metal (silver, platinum, and palladium) Nanocomposites and their catalytic activities for reduction of 4-Nitrophenol. Langmuir 20:237–243

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    Murugan E, Jebaranjitham JN (2012) Synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles supported on surface-modified poly(N-vinylimidazale) as catalysts for the reduction of 4- nitrophenol. J Mol Catal A Chem 365:128–135

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Safari J, Zarnegar Z, Sadeghi M, Enayati-Najafabadi A (2016) Dendritic macromolecules supported Ag nanoparticles as efficient catalyst for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol. J Mol Struct 1125:772–776

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was principally supported by the following Czech-Slovak bi-lateral co-operation projects: MSMT-7 AMB14SK026 (Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic) and APVV- SK-CZ-2013-0206 (Slovak Research and Development Agency). Authors are also gratefully acknowledging the financial support from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic-NPU Program I (LO1504). J.K is thankful Slovak Grant Agency VEGA for financial support in the project No: 2/0124/18.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Nabanita Saha or Juraj Kronek.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Additional information

The original version of this article was revised: Due to an oversight during typesetting stage, many subscripts and superscripts after unit abbreviations were captured as normal text (i.e. NaBH4 instead of the correct NaBH4, Ag+ instead of the correct Ag+, C0 instead of the correct C0, cm-1 instead of the correct cm-1, Mt and Md instead of the correct Mt and Md, 1290C instead of 1290C, etc.). The corrected are now shown here.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Palem, R.R., Ganesh, S.D., Saha, N. et al. ‘Green’ synthesis of silver polymer Nanocomposites of poly (2-isopropenyl-2- oxazoline-co- N-vinylpyrrolidone) and its catalytic activity. J Polym Res 25, 152 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10965-018-1548-9

Download citation

Keywords

  • Catalysis
  • Green chemistry
  • 2-isopropenyl-2-oxazoline
  • Metal-polymer nanocomposites
  • Poly(2-isopropenyl-2-oxazoline-co-N-vinylpyrrolidone)